oa South African Journal of Cultural History - The effect of mining development on the cultural experience of the Carlentonville community
Over the past eighty years mining on the Far West Rand (today partially the Gauteng Province and the North-West Provinces) has had a drastic influence on existing communities. Rapid demographic changes, amongst other things, caused cultural influences to became manifest across the borders of language, race, sex and territory. Besides these changes the development of the mining sector was also a primary motive for the founding of new towns with newly formed communities. The Cultural history of each community was influenced directly or indirectly by mining. Although uniformity in crosscultural patterns in a community prevailed in one area, peculiarities within certain groups in communities studied were also visible and had to be examined. In this discussion the focus is on the Carletonville community, and specifically on the dominating impact of gold mining on the cultural experience of the white residents. In the discussion background is given to the cultural patterns prevailing in the Carletonville area before the establishment of the gold mines; subsequently the influence of mining on the material and spiritual values of its community since the town's foundation in 1948 is discussed critically.
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