oa South African Journal of Cultural History - From Procida to Pretoria: The Mediterranean influence on the architecture of Gordon McIntosh (1904-1983)
Gordon McIntosh was instrumental in establishing International Style Architecture in South Africa, especially Pretoria. As a leading member of the circle of architects known as the Transvaal Group, be strenuously followed and advocated the principles of the Modern Movement. Central to the Modern credo was a break with tradition and romanticism, toward a functional and formalistic architecture, free from ornament and decoration. Within a decade of designing the first South African example of an International Style building, McIntosh built two houses in Brooklyn, Pretoria, which could be described as Mediterranean or Spanish. This article traces the possible origins of this style in South Africa and examines why McIntosh was influenced to disregard his former convictions in the design of these buildings.
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