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- Volume 13, Issue 1, 1999
South African Journal of Cultural History - Volume 13, Issue 1, 1999
Volumes & issues
Volume 13, Issue 1, 1999
Author A. DoucakisSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 13, pp 1 –15 (1999)More Less
Some farm names and farm name changes can reveal forgotten information that is relevant to cultural history. Of the many original farm names that have changed, one is that of the farm Doornrand, first recorded in 1839. It is located on the Klip River, south-west of Johannesburg. Its name was changed, probably in 1847, to Misgund-""Begrudged"". This curious renaming seems to have originated as follows: Field-Cornet Petrus Lindeque (bapt. 1802-c.1853) was the farm applicant in 1846. As formidable neuwen Commandant he defied a call for burghers to take part in the Volksraad party's commission to find a safe trade route to Delagoa Bay and to meet Smellekamp in May 1847. He was to arbitrate between the two rival Ohrigstad ""parties"", that of Potgieter and that of the Volksraad. It appears that Lindeque was appointed commandant by Potgieter to reinforce the latter's hegemony in the Zuikerboschrand, and to promote the Potgieter commission, considering that the Potchefstroom landdrost and most heemraden had defected to the Raadsparty early in 1847, Lindeque's loyalty to Potgieter was promptly met with his being branded a liar and with the threat of a lashing by his landdrost, Visagie, something Lindeque sorely begrudged! He was apparently also demoted to field-comet. These, presumably, were the reasons for changing his farm's name, which has endured ever since. The name change could therefore be considered a monument to unwavering loyalty and to justifiable dissent. In the wider context, the above exemplifies the political tension that prevailed during 1847-1849.
Author Alexander DuffeySource: South African Journal of Cultural History 13, pp 16 –30 (1999)More Less
The centenary of the motor car was celebrated everywhere in South Africa in 1997. On 4 January 1997 it was precisely one hundred years ago that the first motor car in South Africa was demonstrated to President S.J.P. Kruger by John Percy Hess at Berea Park in Pretoria. Little did Hess and all the bystanders that day realize just how that ""invention of the age"" would irrevocably change the lives of the ordinary man in South Africa within the next thirty years. It is not how the vehicle itself has changed that makes its history so compelling, but rather how much it has changed us. The car is arguably the greatest catalyst of social change that the world has ever known. It has always been much more than a machine, much more than a mere means of transport and there is no aspect of our lives, be it political, social, cultural, economic or aesthetic, that has not been touched or deeply influenced by it. The aim of this article is to look at dramatic changes which the motor vehicle has brought about in South Africa in the past one hundred years.
Author O.J.O. FerreiraSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 13, pp 31 –54 (1999)More Less
The loan-farm Eenzaamheid was granted to Jacobus de Buys (1737-1826), uncle of the notorious Coenraad de Buys, in 1762. Jacobus de Buys was thus one of the pioneers of the Langkloof. He built a house which is one of the finest, unaltered examples of true South African vernacular architecture and the most typical of the larger, early Langkloof farmhouses.
Author Frederick HaleSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 13, pp 55 –70 (1999)More Less
Works of fiction occasionally alter the course of history, as observers of the so-called ""Lamont case"" which shook the University of Pretoria and gained international attention discovered in 1932. Public furore over the inclusion of certain derogatory remarks about Afrikaners in the dialogue of War, wine and women, a quasi-autobiographical novel of more than 500 pages about the First World War, drove its British author, Henry Parkyn Lamont, from his post as senior lecturer in French at the University of Pretoria and precipitated the termination of that institution's policy of bilingualism with English and Afrikaans enjoying equal status as media of instruction.
Author Floris J.G. van der MerweSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 13, pp 71 –89 (1999)More Less
In the 1920s the name of Gerry Bouwer was on the lips of every South African motor sport enthusiast. He became the first man to do a return trip by ordinary sedan car between Cape Town and London via Cairo. The ideal of a Cape to Cairo connection dates back to Cecil John Rhodes. In the 1920s another Rand magnate and politician, Sir Abe Bailey, again mooted the immense advantages of an all-weather route from the Cape to Cairo built through British territory. In order for Abe Bailey to fulfil his political dream, he needed someone special to conquer Africa on wheels. Gerry Bouwer's determination, combined with his experience and driving skill, made him the ideal choice for the expedition. The expedition, consisting of Bouwer and two others, left Cape Town on 8 February 1928. Starting in February meant they would travel through Africa in the rainy season. The route took them through Johannesburg, Bulawayo, Abercorn, Nairobi, Khartoum, and along the Nile to Cairo. After a 94 day journey over dreadful roads, swamps, rivers and plagued by radiator-choking grass-seed and mosquitoes for weeks on end, they reached Cairo on 15 May. Bouwer started his solo return dash from London to Cape Town on 22 August. After leaving Cairo he reported that he had discovered a stowaway in his car, whom was revealed as his wife, Elaine, upon arrival in Johannesburg. On his arrival in Cape Town - within 40 days - he confessed that had it not been for her constant urging, he would never have completed the journey. The expedition showed that Africa was not as ""dark"" as expected and it was possible to travel the continent in an ordinary sedan. The venture was probably also one of the biggest advertising campaigns of its day (Chrysler, Dunlop, Mobiloil and Pegasus petrol benefitted from it). The Wall Street Crash of 1929 thwarted the ambitious all-weather route through Africa from becoming a reality.
Author Chris J. van VuurenSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 13, pp 90 –103 (1999)More Less
This article explores the notion of mobility and transport in South Africa in terms of its pre-historical context, transport vehicles such as the ox wagon, the indigenous African population as well as the politicization of public transport such as the taxi industry. Within this framework three case studies are set: horses in Lesotho, the 'Karretjie' people of the Karoo and the Ndebele traffic cop ritual. The political and socioeconomic dimensions of transportation, mobility, livelihood strategies, stereotypes and marginalization are discussed and compared.
? Kultuurskat by uitnemendheid: navorsingsmateriaal in die Van Riebeeckhuis, Amsterdam, met spesiale verwysing na die Anglo-Boereoorlog (1899-1902)Author André WesselsSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 13, pp 104 –121 (1999)More Less
The main objective of this article is to outline the nature, extent and value of the documents, photographs and other research material on the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) that are kept in the archives and library of the South African Institute (SAl) in the Van Riebeeck House, 141 Keizersgracht in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, including the archives and library of the Nederlands-Zuidafrikaanse Vereniging (NZAV). The SAl and NZAV possess an extremely extensive collection of documents and other research material. Part of this deals either directly or indirectly with the Anglo-Boer War or the associated events. Almost all the Anglo-Boer War books at the SAI/NZAV are available in South Africa, as are most of the photographs, some of the newspapers and press cuttings, many of the pamphlets, most of the cartoons and almost all the magazines and government publications. In total, however, everything housed at 141 Keizergracht forms a unique collection of research material; one of the biggest, if not the biggest of its kind outside the borders of South Africa. Apart from those sources dealing either directly or indirectly with the Anglo-Boer War, the Van Riebeeck House also houses documents and other research material that portray the history of the relationship between the Netherlands and South Africa for a period of more than 100 years. This research material is also of particular interest to South African as well as local Dutch and other researchers. The Van Riebeeck House is indeed a cultural and research treasure house.