oa South African Journal of Cultural History - Vernacular stone buildings and structures on farmsteads in the Southern districts of the Mpumalanga province

Volume 14, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1011-3053



Currently, the Karoo and the eastern part of the Free State Province are the regions mostly associated with the use of stone as a vernacular building material. The buildings in these regions are usually constructed of local sandstone. It is both a rural and an urban tradition. Very little is known about the vernacular stone architecture of the south-eastern Highveld. The present paper sets out to introduce some aspects of the vernacular stone architecture of the area formerly known as the Eastern Transvaal Highveld and referred to here as the southern districts of the Mpumalanga Province. The region's natural resources and its innovative people created an architectural tradition, which may be compared to the stone masonry traditions of the eastern Free State and the Karoo. One of the major differences is the use of a greater variety of stone types such as shale, slate, sandstone, ferricrete and granites.

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