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n South African Journal of Cultural History - Two contrasting early printed books of hours in the Grey collection of the national library in Cape Town

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Abstract

Two of the eight early printed Books of Hours in the Grey collection in the National Library in Cape Town are discussed in this article. They have never been studied or discussed before. A Book of Hours is an illustrated prayer book that contains in the first place the Office of the Virgin Mary. One of the books, Book 3b10, is extremely rare and is an early indication of the transition from the use of Latin to the use of the vernacular in the Roman Catholic church. The format of the book is most unusual : it consists mainly of rhymed French verse with the usual Latin text for a Book of Hours in the margins. The other book, Book 2a30, conforms to the usual layout and content of Books of Hours and was probably used as a primer to teach children to read. The two books are juxtaposed in this article to emphasise and explain the contrast and also to illustrate different formats of Books of Hours. Book 3b10 was printed in Paris in 1498 by Antoine Vérard, Book 2a30 was printed in 1509, also in Paris, by Jean Barbier. Both books are printed on vellum. Both books are decorated with metal or woodcuts. The cuts in Book 3b10 have been painted over by an artist, making it unique, although the edition must have consisted of a number of copies. The cuts in Book 2a30 are not painted over.


Twee van die agt vroeë gedrukte getydeboeke in die Grey versameling in die Nasionale Biblioteek in Kaapstad word in hierdie artikel bespreek. Hulle is nog nooit van te vore bestudeer of bespreek nie. 'n Getydeboek is 'n geïllustreerde gebedeboek wat in die eerste plek bestaan uit die erediens van die Maagd Maria. Een van die boeke, Boek 3b10, is uiters seldsaam en is 'n vroeë aanduiding van die beweging weg van die gebruik van Latyn na die gebruik van die volkstaal in die Rooms Katolieke kerk. Die boek het 'n baie ongewone formaat : dit bestaan hoofsaaklik uit berymde Franse verse met die gewone Latynse teks van getydeboeke in die kantlyne. Die ander boek, Boek 2a30, stem ooreen met die gewone uitleg en inhoud van getydeboeke en was waarskynlik gebruik as 'n ABC-boek om kinders te leer lees. Die twee boeke word naas mekaar gestel in hierdie artikel om die kontras te benadruk en te verduidelik en ook om die verskillende formate van getydeboeke te illustreer. Boek 3b10 is in 1498 deur Antoine Vérard in Parys gedruk; Boek 2a30 is in 1509 deur Jean Barbier gedruk, ook in Parys. Albei boeke is op vellum gedruk. Albei boeke is met hout- of metaalgravure versier. Die gravure in Boek 3b10 is deur 'n kunstenaar oorskilder, wat dit uniek maak, hoewel daar 'n aantal kopieë gedruk moes gewees het. Die gravure in Boek 2a30 is nie oorskilder nie.

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/content/culture/29/1/EJC174619
2015-06-01
2016-12-06
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