The conference of the South African Society for Cultural History recommended in 1990 that an explanation of and a manual for use with the new system of classification of sources for Cultural History be compiled. Because History and Cultural History have different points of departure, this classification - which is based on a distinction between written, plastic and oral sources - differs to a certain extent from the traditional classification used for History. The reasons for this are given and the fact that certain primary sources such as personal writings, pictorial sources, objects and architecture are of special significance to the cultural historian is explained. Attention is also given to oral sources which are the particular terrain of Folklore, an important subdivision of Cultural History.
The problem of television and its depiction of history, with reference to the television series Shaka Zulu as a case study, is discussed. The problem is addressed within the contexts of the structures of narrative and historical discourse, ideology and myth. Particular attention is paid to South African historical discourse structures, oral tradition and historiography. The specific discursive practices of the television narrative are investigated, and attention is given to the question of realism and realistic portrayal.
Afrikaans 'liederwysies' are tunes from different sources which our ancestors procured or adapted for singing with Dutch texts of the rhymed Psalms and Evangelical hymns out of the official hymn-book. They include tunes used for texts from other sacred collections like those of Sluiter and Groenewegen. Together they represent a valuable addition to the cultural inheritance of the Afrikaner.