oa South African Journal of Cultural History - Pelgrimsros en die Anglo-Boereoorlog (1899-1902)

Volume 5, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1018-0745



Gold was rediscovered in Pilgrim's Rest in 1873. The mining company Transvaal Gold Mining Estates (TGME) was founded in 1896 after the initial period of alluvial mining. This company controlled the mines in the vicinity of Pilgrim's Rest until 1971. Mining activities were interrupted when the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) broke out, and the TGME was forced to evacuate the village. During the guerrilla phase of the war, British forces occupied Pilgrim's Rest for a day (27 September 19(0) during their pursuit of the Boer forces. Thereafter Pilgrim's Rest was used by the Boers mainly as a resting place and gathering point where they were able to acquire provisions and clothing. It was also used as an operational and logistics base. The establishment of the Staatsmunt te Velde (Government mint in the field) and Staatsdrukkerij te Velde (Government press in the field) in Pilgrim's Rest was of great historical and cultural historical importance to South African numismatics. The Boers produced notes and coins under primitive conditions for the South African Republic.

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