oa South African Journal of Cultural History - Jules Anne Schagen van Leeuwen, een van "Krugers Hollanders"
Jules Anne Schagen van Leeuwen, one of 'Kruger's Hollanders' (1861-1936) was a lesser known member of this Dutch contingent which played a leading role in the administration, education and railways of the South African or Transvaal Republic. He emigrated as Doctor of Law from the Netherlands to the Transvaal in 1889. Due to his capabilities he became section head in the office of the State Attorney in 1894, and on three occassions he acted as State Attorney from 1895 to 1898. In 1898 he was appointed as a judge in the Supreme Court. During the Anglo-Boer War he, together with his family, went back to Europe. For the following 25 years he led a restless existence, being a lawyer in Pretoria, insurance company director in Cape Town, farmer and civil servant in the Netherlands and judge on Curacao (twice), before finally returning as a pensioner to the Netherlands in 1927. His significance lies in his work as judge and editor of legal publications in the South African Republic, legal advisor to the Republic's negation in Brussels during 1900-1902, and compiler of a codex for civil law of procedure for the Netherlands Antilles.
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