The Bible and Calvinism are usually stressed as two of the twin factors in moulding the so-called Afrikaans national character. But when one looks at the role played by dancing in his folk culture and how attitudes changed, or did not change, it seems as if other, equally important, influences also come to bear.
The role of Afrikaner cultural organisations as a particular phenomena in the history of the Afrikaner is discussed. The origins and development of these organisations are categorised into five chronological periods and the meaning and implications of each period identified. On the basis of this historical analysis six factors that played a major role in moulding the Afrikaner's cultural movement are identified. In the final two sections the role and significance of these organisations, especially for the urbanisation of the Afrikaner, are evaluated.
During the Anglo-Boer War Britain tried to force the two Boer Republics to surrender by, amongst other tactics, the establishment of concentration camps. The one camp that could not be compared with the other camps as far as suffering, sorrow and deaths were concerned was the Port Elizabeth concentration camp. Owing to good military control, small numbers of inhabitants and a healthy relationship between the camp authorities and the inhabitants, the Port Elizabeth concentration camp definitely fell into a different category from the other concentration camps and was therefore something of a rarity.