The Topnaar people live along the Kuiseb River in Namibia and in the enclave of Walvis Bay. They belong to one of the Khoi Khoi groups who have owned this part of the country for many centuries. In the past the Topnaars consisted of two groups, but since the beginning of the twentieth century they have been living as one united group. At present these people are living under the most trying circumstances. For their existence they rely on goats and a few head of cattle, as well as butterpips ('narras' - Acanthosicyos horrida) that grow in the lower reaches of the Kuiseb River. This desert fruit can only be found at one specific spot and has been associated with the Topnaar way of life for ages.
The form of the nineteenth century city has received much attention recently, in particular the origin and growth of the suburb. This study first looks briefly at the origins of suburban growth in London, then at the growth of this phenomenon in mid nineteenth century Grahamstown. Similarities and differences are noted and described. Finally a typology of suburban house types as found in Grahamstown is outlined and again some differences from similarities with contemporary English house form is noted. All the above is in the nature of a pioneering study.
Very little is known about the first Potchefstroom. The primary function of the town was to act as seat for A.H. Potgieter's semi-independent government and to provide smallholdings for his impoverished followers. Throughout its brief existence the town was organically undeveloped and had little resemblance to a town. An indication of its appearance is its being likened to contemporary Klerksdorp. In a surviving compilation of farm registers references are made to occupants of erven of the town. The original Potchefstroom was a temporary settlement in anticipation of a move to the Eastern Transvaal. Potgieter's reconciliation with the Volksraad, however, induced him to remain in the Western Transvaal. By that time it had become impracticable and undesirable to settle the first town permanently, and a new one, the present Potchefstroom, was laid out.
The tune of the well-known Afrikaans folk-song 'Wat maak oom Kalie daar?' is widely related to the tunes of other songs. For the origin of this tune one should turn to 18th Century Europe, most probably the tune of an old German song.