oa South African Journal of Cultural History - Die Hermannsburgse sendelinge en hulle nageslagte in Suid-Afrika
Ludwig Harms founded the Hermannsburg Missionary Society in 1849 with the aim of starting a mission field in East Africa. The missionaries and their helpers were refused entry to East Africa. They disembarked in Port Natal and began mission work amongst the Zulus, and later extended into the Western Transvaal amongst the Tswanas. The missionaries, their helpers and the descendants of the helpers founded Lutheran communities near their mission stations from which their own German schools developed. They concentrated particularly on agriculture. The missionary endeavour in the Western Transvaal was much more successful than in NataL The missionaries also played an important role in educating the communities in respect of trades and agriculture and as regards founding of schools and even teacher training centres. They did not, however, distinguish between the Christian faith, as reflected by their Lutheran missionary endeavour, and Western culture. Conversely they made a great contribution to the development of our country, particularly in Natal and the Western Transvaal.
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