oa South African Journal of Cultural History - Inleiding tot die Hindoe-Javaanse boukuns
HinduJavanese architecture originated in Java and Bali as a result of the expansion of Hinduism and Buddhism from India during the first centuries AD. Monarchs and the nobility accepted these religions enthusiastically and commissioned many temples for Hindu gods, Buddha and their own ancestors. Most sanctuaries were constructed in Central Java during the 8th and 9th centuries and in Eastern Java from the 10th to 15th century. After the Islamization of Java Hindus and Buddhists fled to Bali and their temples in Java fell to ruins. During the 20th century several of the temples have been restored or splendidly rebuilt. Eight Hindu temples on the Dieng plateau and the temple complex near Prambanan and the Buddhist sanctuary Borobudur, all situated in Central Java, as well as a few temples in Eastern Java are discussed. Finally, the differences in architecture between Central and Eastern Java are summarised.
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