oa South African Journal of Cultural History - The recent past in bone: faunal remains from the kitchen middens of an early 20th century residence, Pilgrim's Rest

Volume 8, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1011-3053



The faunal remains from middens of Alanglade, the mine manager's residence at Pilgrim's Rest, were examined. Of the four middens excavated, three yielded faunal remains. These three middens date to the first five decades of the twentieth century and represent the occupation of Alanglade by the first three mine managers. The remains illustrate aspects of life of the mine managers that have not been documented. Information was obtained on the use of beef, mutton and pork and on the meat cuts preferred. At least three chicken breeds, bantam medium and large were kept. Other poultry include turkeys and possibly ducks. Remains of a dog and chew marks on many bones indicate that medium and large dogs were kept. Game animals reflect hunting expeditions to the lowveld. The decrease in numbers of certain wild animals, such as small territorial bovids, indicates depletion of game in the area. Sea shells suggest visits to the seaside. Both the east coast (Natal and/or Mozambique) and the Cape west coast were visited.

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