oa South African Journal of Cultural History - Die Algemeen-Nederlands Verbond en die Anglo-Boereoorlog (1899-1902)
The Algemeen-Nederlands Verbond (ANV), a society for the promotion of the Dutch language and Dutch culture, was founded in 1895 in Brussels. The founder members regarded Dutchmen, Flemings and Afrikaners as the three components of the Dutch race. Shortly after the society had been founded, branches were formed in South Africa, and in 1899 about a quarter of all ANV members were resident in South Africa. Most of these were Dutchmen, but there were also Flemings and Afrikaners among the members of the society. Afrikaner leaders, such as F. W. Reitz and J.H. Hofmeyr, served on the executive council of the ANV in South Africa. During the Anglo-Boer War the activities of the ANV in South Africa were terminated. Although the society was re-established in 1906, it never again became as strong as it had been before the Anglo-Boer War. During the war the ANV in the Netherlands established a news agency which distributed news bulletins world-wide. These bulletins were aimed at promoting the Boer cause, and in this way the ANV made an important contribution to countering British war propaganda. After the war the ANV aided the spiritual and cultural recovery of the Afrikaner by sending large numbers of books to South Africa. This was the beginning of a world-wide distribution of Dutch books, which became one of the ANV's major activities.
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