Commonwealth Youth and Development - Volume 11, Issue 2, 2013
Volume 11, Issue 2, 2013
Youth sentiments about 'others', epistemological change, and belonging at a South African universitySource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 11, pp 1 –15 (2013)More Less
Young South Africans today face a multitude of critical and demanding challenges - the literature highlights identity conundrums; stresses implicit in academic environments; and numerous and contradictory messages on race, nationality and citizenship in a transforming, post-apartheid context. This article focuses on one key controversy in present-day South Africa - namely, young people's sentiments towards and perceptions of foreign nationals and their place in a democratic South Africa. The attitudes expressed are explained, first, through reference to anomic conditions in South Africa, in which levels of trust have been debilitated and in which negative public discourses of foreigners have been allowed to become hegemonic; and second, through students' suggestions that problematic perceptions of black foreigners stem largely from a lack of substantive knowledge of Africa, its history, and its inhabitants. It is argued that universities need to take seriously the Soudien Report's (2008) position on the necessity for epistemological change in order to better equip students to deal with rapidly diversifying student populations. The article is concluded with two central recommendations for institutional interventions at South African universities.
Author Beauty VambeSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 11, pp 16 –31 (2013)More Less
This article suggests ways on how to eliminate child forced labour in Zimbabwe. Such an aim necessarily focuses research attention on and critically reviews the legal framework containing the instruments that Zimbabwe presently uses to deal with child labour. The questions that the article raises are: (1) to what extent do current laws on child labour as contained in Zimbabwe's Labour Relations Act of 1985, protect or undermine children's rights? (2) what remedies are offered by the government's policies in trying to reduce child exploitation? and (3) to what extent is Zimbabwe working towards harmonising its labour laws for them to be at par with the world trends? The article demonstrates that the concepts 'forced labour' and 'child labour' are legally recognised by the International Labour organisation (ILO), United Nations (UN), African Union (AU) and Southern African Development Community (SADC). The article draws from the legal opinion, statements and official pronouncements on the issue of forced labour in general, and child labour in particular from the above organisations in order to measure whether or not the Zimbabwe labour laws are adequately responsive to the problem of child forced labour. Therefore, the article dwells more on the critical re-assessment of the country's legal framework on child labour in comparison to international perspectives than on an analysis of actual instances of child forced labour in Zimbabwe.
Author Ghazala Begum EssopSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 11, pp 32 –42 (2013)More Less
The purpose of this article is to ascertain the importance of young managers, especially middle managers as leaders. The article gives insight into the relevance of young people in middle management possessing the character traits and ingenuity of the traditional leader. Leadership styles are bracketed according to traits and tactics demonstrated by famous or infamous leaders across the globe, both past and present. Thus, the aim of the article is to show that young middle managers need to have the qualities of a good leader in order to be effective in an organisation. The article will demonstrate the various styles of leadership and the change in the role of young middle managers, clearly depicting the need for a change in the competencies of middle managers. This is a theoretical article and it will highlight the importance of the middle manager, which has previously been understated.
Author Akwasi Arko-AchemfuorSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 11, pp 43 –49 (2013)More Less
South African youth is facing a lot of challenges such as unemployment, crime, drug abuse, poverty, lack of relevant education and skills, to name a few. There are a number of organisations and individuals that are involved in youth work across the country. There have been calls by the state and development practitioners for youth work to be professionalised just like other professions such as teaching, social work, nursing, and so on. There is a lot of people who are already employed as youth workers by government and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) across the country who are already practising as youth workers. The author argues that all professions require a certain level of educational training and experience for admission into the profession. It is therefore important for the educational backgrounds and the experiences of youth workers to be assessed in order to determine the training and experience they have undergone to enable them to assist the youth in dealing with their challenges. This article explores the inclusion of recognition of prior learning (RPL) as one of the pathways which higher education providers can use for accrediting the work experiences of youth workers in South Africa and elsewhere and suggesting other relevant criteria and requirements for awarding the requisite academic qualifications towards the recognition of youth work qualifications.
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 11, pp 50 –60 (2013)More Less
Youth empowerment has become topical and most countries have realised the need to attend to youth issues in a more vigorous way. Generally countries have agreed that youths refer to persons between the ages of 14 and 35 years. The United Nations (UN) regards any person between the ages of 14 and 35 years as a youth. Previous youth issues were discussed by policy makers without involving the youths themselves. Owing to growing pressure, groups of youths in all continents of the world, policy makers and world leaders have come to realise that youths must be involved in planning issues that relate to their daily activities.
Author Anna ChitandoSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 11, pp 61 –72 (2013)More Less
The race question has persisted, even when different projects aimed at stamping it out have been instigated. It continues to manifest in contexts that have diverse races, such as the United States of America, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Brazil. In all these contexts, the plight of black people continues to be a burning issue. Black people find themselves on the periphery of society. They are excluded from the education system. They therefore struggle to make an impact in key areas such as economics and politics. Claude Maredza is one Zimbabwean author who is angry and impatient when it comes to the race question. He is quite blunt when he challenges blacks to continue to struggle for their total freedom. He is equally sarcastic in his attacks on whites for their privileges and for refusing to accept the full humanity of blacks. This article explores the significance of his work, The blackness of black (2000), to the race question in Zimbabwe and Brazil. It argues that there is a need to explode the myth that Brazil is a racial democracy and to apply some of the insights that Maredza brings to the race question.
The architectural fulcrum for the School Governing Bodies : a financial functional analysis in Limpopo ProvinceSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 11, pp 73 –87 (2013)More Less
The question of quality basic education in South Africa is critical to many poor households as this improves their future development and job prospects. The School Governing Bodies were established to govern schools and to ensure that quality basic education as a right is offered to those in need. This article considers the financial functional analysis of the School Governing Bodies (SGBs) in administering school funds, especially through its sub-committee on finance. The Limpopo Department of Education has published the prescripts for the management of school funds in the public schools for 2009 and 2011 respectively, in an attempt to empower the SGBs to improve the management of school funds. For the purpose of this article, schools in the rural areas of the Limpopo Province are focal point. The Primary data was collected by way of semi-structured interviews. A key finding in this investigation is that most of the SGB members are not adept with public financial management principles relevant for the schools, so that they could undertake their school financial oversight responsibilities. This lack of public finance literacy impedes the effective functioning of the SGBs in fulfilling their legislative mandate.