n Commonwealth Youth and Development - Elimination of child forced labour in Zimbabwe
|Article Title||Elimination of child forced labour in Zimbabwe|
|© Publisher:||UNISA Press|
|Journal||Commonwealth Youth and Development|
|Affiliations||1 University of South Africa|
|Publication Date||Jan 2013|
|Pages||16 - 31|
|Keyword(s)||African Union, Child labour, Children's rights, Forced labour, International Labour Organization, Legal framework, Southern African Development Community, United Nations and Zimbabwe|
This article suggests ways on how to eliminate child forced labour in Zimbabwe. Such an aim necessarily focuses research attention on and critically reviews the legal framework containing the instruments that Zimbabwe presently uses to deal with child labour. The questions that the article raises are: (1) to what extent do current laws on child labour as contained in Zimbabwe's Labour Relations Act of 1985, protect or undermine children's rights? (2) what remedies are offered by the government's policies in trying to reduce child exploitation? and (3) to what extent is Zimbabwe working towards harmonising its labour laws for them to be at par with the world trends? The article demonstrates that the concepts 'forced labour' and 'child labour' are legally recognised by the International Labour organisation (ILO), United Nations (UN), African Union (AU) and Southern African Development Community (SADC). The article draws from the legal opinion, statements and official pronouncements on the issue of forced labour in general, and child labour in particular from the above organisations in order to measure whether or not the Zimbabwe labour laws are adequately responsive to the problem of child forced labour. Therefore, the article dwells more on the critical re-assessment of the country's legal framework on child labour in comparison to international perspectives than on an analysis of actual instances of child forced labour in Zimbabwe.
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