Commonwealth Youth and Development - Volume 2, Issue 2, 2004
Volume 2, Issue 2, 2004
Author Nicole A. BrownSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 2, pp 5 –23 (2004)More Less
This article describes a number of reasons that young people, specifically adolescents, work, and assesses the value of their work. The author then explores the sustainable livelihoods approach to the world of work, linking it to the rights-based approach to development. She concludes by making a number of recommendations that will ensure that sustainable livelihoods are viewed as an integral part of personal, family and community needs.
Author Wahidul HasanSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 2, pp 24 –44 (2004)More Less
Using statistics from the 2001 census, the article provides an overview of the status of the education of girls in India. It explores the socio-economic importance of education, and offers reasons for low enrolment rates among girls. Attention is given to government efforts to improve enrolment rates, and successful campaigns are described. In conclusion, the author recommends measures to increase the enrolment and throughput rates of girls.
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 2, pp 45 –63 (2004)More Less
Recent literature on HIV / Aids in South Africa acknowledges the failure of programmes and research initiatives to adequately integrate and take detailed account of masculine responses to the Aids pandemic. Although launched on a small scale, primary interventions have mainly targeted women as victims, transmitters and carriers of HIV. This article focuses selectively on findings from field research conducted in Winterveld, in South Africa's North-West Province, which reveal ways in which poverty, gender inequalities and cultural constructions intersect to shape contradictory profiles of men: as 'protagonists' actively spreading the disease, and as a socially isolated group who are falling 'victim' to HIV in increasing numbers. It is argued that despite the evident complexities and the marginal status of the area, there is space for engaging discourses and practices and for driving meaningful social interventions. Efforts in communities such as Winterveld, however, will only bear positive results if the process of mobilising men occurs alongside the implementation of broader socio-economic interventions. The article draws attention to men's recommendations regarding Aids interventions.
Author Howard SercombeSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 2, pp 64 –80 (2004)More Less
Against the backdrop of youth work in Australia, this article explores the need for the professionalisation of youth work. It describes some of the reasons that professionalisation is resisted and the dilemmas of focusing the professionalisation initiative on either ethical or industrial considerations as a starting point. In conclusion it is argued that youth affairs' peak organisations need to take the lead in convening forums and discussions to move along the professionalisation of youth work.
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 2, pp 81 –98 (2004)More Less
In the past ten years Australia has rapidly restructured its economy, exposing its institutions and businesses to higher levels of global competition than its international competitors. At the same time as the country faces cuts in public funding and services, Australian governments, schools and community organisations are increasingly attending to the voice of the youth, made possible through access to information and communication technology to interact directly with young people. This article uses case study research commissioned first by a philanthropic trust and second by an educational institution to explore the challenges and opportunities facing the youth sector in Australia in relation to these economic and cultural trends.
The article bases its findings on these two case studies, involving three sites where different approaches to youth participation have been used, some of which are still work in progress. In the first case, a group of services have come together to better integrate their response to young people and have utilised a youth advisory committee to develop the protocols for the venture. In the second case youth participation is being introduced to the governance of a philanthropic trust with a view to introducing social entrepreneurial youth work practice to the sector. The article identifies three broad approaches in the research literature: human rights, socially critical and youth development to conclude that the human rights approach is the most adequate theoretic prism through which to describe the case studies and their effectiveness in a range of environments. The findings suggest that while Australia has begun a journey, a poorly structured commonwealth and states human rights framework limits what can be achieved through youth participation at the governance and service level. Overlooking these limitations, and believing that Australia is well advanced in human rights legislation could well endanger young people rather than involve and engage them in taking responsibility for their own socio-economic wellbeing.
Along with the literature search, it was essential to consult youth studies educationalists, management of the youth services, youth support workers and the young people themselves. Commissioned youth participation tools and research were reviewed and activities conducted in public space were observed. It was found that in Australia youth participation is marginal to the main game, where fundamental rights are denied young people. The funding, organisational change and service innovation to the social entrepreneurial perspective should be accompanied by advocacy and acknowledgement of the economic structures positioning some Australian young people in lengthy periods of dependency on social welfare, extending their dependence on family who are often involved in generational dysfunction and poverty.
Promote or protect? Perspectives on media literacy and media regulations, Von Feilitzen, Cecilia and Carlsson, Ulla (eds) : book reviewAuthor G.M. Du PlooySource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 2, pp 99 –100 (2004)More Less