Commonwealth Youth and Development - Volume 4, Issue 1, 2006
Volume 4, Issue 1, 2006
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 4, pp 2 –16 (2006)More Less
The authors describe and analyse the way in which the Mäori youth have contributed towards positive social change within a research project that looks at their health. Critical health issues were identified as part of the research project. These include high suicide rates and high rates of pregnancy among young people and form the basis of research aimed at finding positive solutions at both local community and national levels. The article examines the research project that encouraged the voice of rangatahi Mäori (Mäori youth) to be heard by allowing them to mould the shape of the research, which included the way in which the information would be collected, the research methods used and how the youth would be involved in the research process at every stage.
Author Japhet Ezra July MchakuluSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 4, pp 17 –31 (2006)More Less
This article examines the attitudes to and perceptions of democracy and the multiparty political system in Malawi of youth leaders in youth-oriented organisations. It is based on an analysis of 141 questionnaires with youth leaders of such organisations from four districts in Malawi. The article is also based on an analysis of twelve focus group discussions (three for each site) and in-depth interviews with 48 research participants drawn from the 144 who took part in the research study. Two of the districts are urban and two are rural. The research participants were drawn from organisations that are youth-oriented and deal with a range of issues including religion, the natural environment, the built environment, HIV / Aids, human rights and democracy education, provision of life skills and training, and the arts and culture. Most of these organisations deal with single issues, while others may deal with one to three of these issues. Rarely do these organisations deal with more than three. The study reveals that youth leaders have four varying perceptions of democracy, ranging from being wary about the permanence of democracy in Malawi, being aloof about politics, to feelings of being oppressed in a system that is supposed to be all-inclusive and to being passionate in a positive way about democracy. The study also reveals that youth leaders are very sceptical about professional politicians and politics. The youth leaders also believe that youth in Malawi are aware of politics and engaged in it in the unconventional sense of civic participation through youth organisations. The youth leaders believe that they offer an alternative for youth to take part in public life through their organisations rather than the youth arms of political parties.
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 4, pp 32 –40 (2006)More Less
This article is based on a research study being undertaken at the University of Fort Hare. It uses narrative inquiry as a research technique to explore the meaning of school transformation in schools that took part in a school transformation programme among rural and township primary schools in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. This article focuses on one school that has undergone a radical whole school transformation process that has enabled the principal, teachers and community to work together to challenge the effect of the HIV / Aids pandemic on the school and community. It provides a valuable model for other schools and communities.
The globalisation of education : how prepared are students in previously disadvantaged South African universities to face the global world with confidence?Author Simon Mwangi KariukiSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 4, pp 41 –48 (2006)More Less
Globalisation has had a great impact not only on the South African economy, culture and sport but also on higher education. At the moment higher education institutions, particularly those that were previously disadvantaged, face the challenges of transforming themselves into functional educational institutions and of providing quality education to their clients (students) to enable them to competently function and fit within a globalised society. This study uses a structured questionnaire in its attempt to establish the extent to which university students at a previously disadvantaged rural KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) university perceive the relevance and quality of their university educational experience in a context of globalisation. It was carried out in February 2005. The empirical data from the 301 respondents indicates that poverty, lack of sufficient facilities and poor quality academic and support service were the factors that negatively impacted on the students who were studying at this previously disadvantaged university, which inadequately prepared them to confidently face the global environment. Improvements in these areas are thus recommended.
Author Robyn BroadbentSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 4, pp 49 –62 (2006)More Less
In the past ten years Australia has rapidly restructured its economy, exposing its institutions and businesses to higher levels of global competition than its international competitors. At the same time that the country faces cuts in public funding and services, Australian governments, schools and community organisations are increasingly demanding that service organisations work with one another, institutions and local business to form an effective environment for sustainable regional responses to young people who become disengaged from one another, their families, schools and communities. This paper uses research commissioned by a range of service agencies in a specific region in Melbourne, Australia, to propose that to meet the increasing demand of young people for assistance in what is internationally a strong economy, services need to underpin their work with a practice framework of principles and to plan their work through local collaboration and wider advocacy. It concludes that these current concerns are in keeping with the foundational principles of youth work as a practice in the nineteenth century.