Commonwealth Youth and Development - Volume 7, Issue 1, 2009
Volume 7, Issue 1, 2009
Author Linda CornwellSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 7 (2009)More Less
International agencies, national governments and nongovernmental organisations have devised numerous programmes of action and strategies aimed at mainstreaming youth and empowering young people. The first contribution in this issue examines the way in which NEPAD aims to mainstream youth and address some of the challenges young people are currently facing. Ijeoma argues that the Strategic Framework for NEPAD Youth Programme holds the key to peaceful, prosperous and economicallyviable communities in the African continent.
Author Edwin Okey IjeomaSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 7, pp 2 –17 (2009)More Less
There have never been as many young Africans as there are now. The roughly 800 million young people in Africa have an untapped potential, but they are also facing significant challenges. The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) acknowledges that young women and men in Africa are resourceful and valuable assets for Africa's development. Young people are not a sectoral concern; neither are they tailed at the end of programmes of regional revival and socio-economic integration. Instead, young people are integral to the process of development across all sectors and fields of interest. It is for these reasons that this article explores the possibilities of using the Strategic Framework for the NEPAD Youth Programme as a coordinated continental approach to creating an environment that is conducive to mainstreaming the young people's interests and active participation in Africa's development. The article does not only explore a number of challenges that young people are faced with in Africa, but also suggests the need for a speedy implementation of the NEPAD Youth Programme, along with mechanisms for including young Africans in NEPAD's decision-making processes. Its added value to the NEPAD initiative lays emphasis on the significance of involving young people in the socio-economic development and advancement of Africa and to mainstream youth issues into NEPAD's work projects and programmes implementation.
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 7, pp 18 –27 (2009)More Less
The youth, as the future leaders of the country, have unique leadership roles and responsibilities in moulding the younger generations towards nation building. Excellent and sustainable youth organisations, as partners in national development, have the task of bringing about developmental change in the country. The Ministry of Youth and Sports, Malaysia, plays a major role in the planning, implementation and evaluation of youth development programmes. The ministry has been closely monitoring the programmes and activities conducted by various youth organisations. Despite considerable efforts and financial expenditure by the ministry, the success and sustainability of youth organisations in providing impactful programmes and activities are still questionable. One of the many reasons for the inability of youth organisations to become sustainable is because of the leadership roles youth leaders play in attaining the organisations' vision, mission and goals. The success of youth organisations greatly depends on the competencies of youth leaders to ensure that the organisations survive in an ever-challenging environment. This article discusses the roles of youth leaders as change agents in ensuring that their organisations become sustainable, and contribute to nation building. Specifically, two major questions are addressed: (1) What leadership roles do youth leaders have, in working towards sustainability; and (2) What role patterns should youth leaders adhere to, as change agents in sustaining their organisations? This is a qualitative study where data were gathered through focus group interviews and document analysis. Respondents were selected from youth organisations that have been awarded the Anugerah Belia Negara (National Youth Award), comprising of the chairpersons and their deputies, secretary, treasurer and committee members. The study revealed six major leadership roles for youth leaders as change agents, with 33 leadership practices and responsibilities aimed at ensuring the sustainability of their organisations. These include their roles as managers, process helpers, consultants, catalysts, problem solvers and resource linkers. The study concludes that for youth organisations to be sustainable, youth leaders must play the role of change agents.
Youth entrepreneurship : agenda for sustainable peace and security in the Niger Delta region, NigeriaAuthor V.A. AsuruSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 7, pp 28 –36 (2009)More Less
The oil-rich but underdeveloped Niger Delta region of Nigeria has, in recent times, become a hotbed of youth-based crime and criminality in the guise of Niger Delta struggle. This has caused untold hardship to the people of the region and indeed almost crippled the hitherto booming oil-based economy of Nigeria. The region, where poverty, degradation and unemployment are pervasive, is home to many idle youths who also lack the requisite skills and aptitude for independent living. They therefore resort to restiveness and criminality as avenues for survival, and to claim their share of the national cake - albeit illegally. To redress the situation, an articulate, institutionalised and purposeful entrepreneurial education scheme should be put in place to prepare the youth for life-long entrepreneurial skills acquisition and values re-orientation, thereby redirecting their youthful energies towards productive ventures. The article proposes a robust model that combines cognitive and non-cognitive domains with a built-in evaluation and follow-up mechanism for the programme. This programme should be effectively implemented and coordinated by tertiary institutions in the region, in collaboration with relevant agencies such as the Niger Delta Development Commission, oil companies, the government, NGOs and development partners, to bring much-desired sustainable peace and security to the region.
Author Rialize FerreiraSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 7, pp 37 –50 (2009)More Less
Studies conducted in Africa showed that child soldiers proved not to be inherently vulnerable and passive victims of social and psychological trauma, as the general viewpoint might have it. Research revealed that some youth voluntarily joined armed groups for practical and functional reasons, such as for protection and survival. They have proven to be active participants in the war, resilient in the midst of conflict and to have employed effective coping mechanisms to rebuild their lives in post-conflict situations.
The aim of this article is to discuss how conflict influences child soldiers and how they demonstrate abilities to survive, negotiate and protect themselves in their social environment.
Author Christian M. RogersonSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 7, pp 51 –69 (2009)More Less
Youth tourism is a growing phenomenon in the international tourism economy. One key dimension of youth tourism is backpacking. As a result of apartheid imposed sanctions, South Africa is a latecomer to the global industry of backpacking. This article analyses the emergence, organization, and developmental potential of backpacker tourism in South Africa. With growing national government support for backpacking in South Africa, a key finding is that backpacker tourism can be a lever for promoting local economic development in undeveloped and peripheral tourism regions.
Are youth being left to play in the dust? An assessment of sports programmes and facilities in a small South African townSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 7, pp 70 –84 (2009)More Less
Sport programmes are increasingly being incorporated into youth development initiatives. These programmes are thought to 'add value' to social development projects. A recent study highlighted the importance of adequate sports facilities for the success of sport programmes in youth development. The South African government has passed legislation and formulated policies to promote sport participation amongst the youth. The National Youth Policy also explicitly advocates the development of sport programmes for young people living in rural areas. This article evaluates the availability of sport programmes and sport facilities for the youth of Philippolis, a small rural town in the southern Free State. It also considers the benefits, current and potential, of sport and its associated programmes for the Philippolis youth. Interviews were held with key community members and officials involved with the implementation of sport programmes, youth development, and the provision of sport infrastructure. The study found sporting facilities to be both limited and poorly maintained. This has a negative impact on the success of sports programmes and, by extension, detracts from the benefits which such programmes should confer on the youths' social development.