Commonwealth Youth and Development - Volume 9, Issue 2, 2011
Volume 9, Issue 2, 2011
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 9, pp 1 –2 (2011)More Less
This issue is the culmination of work that was carried over from Volume 9(1) July 2011, which focused on the collaborative events of UNISA/VU University Amsterdam around the academic aspects of the 2010 Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) World Cup, which was held in South Africa in June 2010.
Author Ishwarlal Rajput DaxitaSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 9, pp 3 –13 (2011)More Less
Nation building is a social process of transforming an underdeveloped, poor and divided society into a peaceful community with equal opportunities and economic viability. The core political objective for South Africa's general elections in 1994 was to create a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic country; thus nation building became a national Governmental preoccupation. The social identity of South Africans today presents excellent opportunities for investigating different psychological and sociological motivations that may drive identification with the "nation", and the conditions under which particular kinds of motives come to the fore. In sport, the implementation of affirmative action to ensure representation of all racial groups has created a unique social environment. This article captures how learners in the Further Education and Training (FET) phase of the school system are creating their social identities through sport and how this contributes to nation building. Tajfel's 1981 social identity theory provides a theoretical framework for analysing the unique identities of learners in a transforming society. The study is based on data generated from structured and in-depth interviews with learners in the provincial sports teams of KwaZulu-Natal. The findings indicate that through sports, learners are beginning to create a unique identity, both personal and social, which firmly establishes the foundation for nation building with the ultimate reward of realising their dream to play sport for their country.
Software usage in unsupervised digital doorway computing environments in disadvantaged South African communities : focusing on youthful usersSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 9, pp 13 –34 (2011)More Less
Digital Doorways provide computing infrastructure in low-income communities in South Africa. The unsupervised DD terminals offer various software applications, from entertainment through educational resources to research material, encouraging unsupervised and peer-assisted learning of basic computer skills and information access, particularly for youth and children. This study aims for better understanding of user behaviour and the nature and extent of DD interactions. Mixed-methods research is used to investigate usage of the embedded software applications at selected sites, and its relationship to user demographics - age, gender and location. We focus on the quantitative component of the study, while touching briefly on qualitative aspects. Data analysis indicates trends and significant relationships between age, gender, location, and application usage. Highest use occurs amongst youth aged between 10 and 25. Recommendations are provided for future DDs and similar initiatives.
Is community-based participation a key instrument to addressing the plight of child-headed households in South Africa?Author Derica Alba KotzeSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 9, pp 35 –49 (2011)More Less
The phenomenon of child-headed households is a common feature of our society. Millions of children have lost one or both parents to various causes of which the HIV/AIDS pandemic is the greatest contributor. The burden of care is carried by the weakest, the most marginalized and voiceless. The objective of this study was to look at government intervention, legal protection, and home and community-based care as intervention strategies to address the plight of orphans and vulnerable children living in child-headed households (CHHs) in South Africa. Firstly this paper briefly describes the rights of child-headed households; secondly it focuses on intervention strategies; and thirdly it emphasizes the participation of affected children as the key to successful intervention. It concludes that not only is government commitment necessary for successful interventions, but that participatory community-based care and involvement, with the emphasis on the participation of CHHs, a key instrument is to address the plight of orphan and vulnerable children. The only sustainable route to address the needs of child-headed households and orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) is through community-based participatory programmes supported by a national vision, policy and strategy endorsed by central government commitment that supports, capacitates and ensures the participation and rights of these children.
Taking stock of the 2010 FIFA World Cup : did it live up to expectations of being "the African World Cup"?Author Amos SaurombeSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 9, pp 50 –59 (2011)More Less
The 2010 International Federation Association Football (FIFA) World Cup held in South Africa was a chance of a lifetime not only for South Africans, but for the entire African continent. The hosting of such a huge tournament also presented the opportunity for many Africans to watch their favourite stars live in action. The tournament was accordingly and befittingly dubbed the African World Cup (Mathala 2010). This article aims to establish if the much-loved 2010 FIFA World Cup, held for the very first time on the African continent, lived up to the expectations of being a truly African World Cup in terms of attendance. The main finding of this paper is that many Africans, even those from neighbouring Southern African countries failed to attend the tournament in huge numbers as expected because of their failure to secure necessary travel documents from their respective countries. South African national laws, regulations and other immigration practices that inhibit the free movement of people (especially the stringent visa requirements) also had a negative impact on attendance by other Africans. All this was happening despite the Southern African Development Community (SADC) having initiated efforts since June 1995 to formalise the free movement of persons in Southern Africa. This paper argues that this legal instrument should have been the catalyst for facilitating the free movement of persons in Southern Africa during the 2010 FIFA World Cup (Saurombe, 2011); thus creating the opportunity for a truly African World Cup in terms of attendance. Instead, this legal instrument has been gathering dust, with most SADC countries failing to ratify it. The paper concludes with recommendations that the SADC states should implement agreed protocols and policies on the free movement of persons and make life easier during future tournaments, especially now that South Africa will host the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations tournament (Vanguard, 2011).
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 9, pp 60 –78 (2011)More Less
After the official announcement on 15 May 2004 that South Africa would be the host of the 2010 Federation of International Football Associations (FIFA) Soccer World Cup (SWC) there arose considerable criticism that the country was not a good choice with many doubting the country's capabilities to host such a big sporting event. The reasons they gave had no bearing on the country's existing infrastructure (e.g., roads, stadiums, public transport and other public services) since the ve to be made. In fact the main concern of these critics revolved around the levels of security in the country and that if one was not rich enough to afford private security services for one's own protection, the perception was that you would then be vulnerable to crime.
FIFA has its own security standards that have to be met by countries that host such complex sporting mega-events. At the time of the announcement South Africa made a pledge that all governmental departments would support and assist in all the hosting arrangements for the SWC in order to help ensure its success.
This paper sought to look at the pieces of information from website databases regarding security at high level events held in South Africa in the past. Different case studies were provided. A literature review was also conducted. Findings were presented and recommendations made to help stage future successful sporting events in South Africa.
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 9, pp 79 –94 (2011)More Less
The aim of this essay is to explore the dialogical spaces between soccer and religion, inviting healthy soccer values into the realm of religious experience and acknowledging their educational value in the religious sphere. The sources used for this study are, firstly, soccer prayers published by individuals and churches on the internet and, secondly, the outcomes of questionnaires filled out by players and fans on the value of prayers rendered during a soccer match. Values are deduced from the names given to God in the prayers, such as God, the referee of all humanity, and God, our far-sighted coach. Values are furthermore established through the requests made to God, such as respect between competing teams and fans, not asking God to take sides, but nevertheless to give one's team the opportunity to score. In conclusion, suggestions are made as to the teachability of different categories of soccer player/fan values.