oa De Jure - The winner takes it all! Reflections on the world anti-doping code and the possible criminalisation of doping in sport : notes



The use of performance enhancing substances in sport has been a phenomenon of time immemorial. The use of performance enhancing substances in order to ensure the best possible results in sports is commonly referred to as doping (see Law "Doping Regulation" in (eds Blanpain & Colucci) (2009) 129-143; Gardiner 3rd ed (2007) 269-291; Gardiner 4th ed (2012) 364-392; Anderson (2010) 113-140; Nafziger 147-164; O'Leary (2001) 1-57; 125-146; David (2008) 1-52; Ioannidis "The application of criminal Law on doping infractions and the 'whereabouts information rule - state regulation v self-regulation" (2010) at www.buckingham.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/ioannidis.pdf (accessed 2012-12-04)).


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