In this instalment of Recent English cases fewer cases than usual are discussed. Three of the cases are, however, discussed in greater detail than is normally done due to the very profound legal statements they contain.
Perhaps the most striking feature of South African environmental legislation is the fact that environmental provisions are contained in an extremely wide variety of parliamentary Acts, provincial ordinances, local by-laws and ministerial regulations. Some South African statutes regulating environmental affairs deal exclusively with such issues. This is true particularly in respect of legislation dealing with the conservation of resources.
The law applicable to carriage by air in South Africa is regulated according to whether the carriage is ""international"" or ""noninternational"". The South African Carriage by Air Act 17 of 1946 governs ""international"" carriage by air to, from, and via South Africa. The Act incorporates the text of the Warsaw Convention as amended at the Hague, 1955.
In terms of s 274 of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977 a court is obliged to give the accused an opportunity to address the court on the matter of sentence (S v Louw 1977 2 PH H249(C)). Very few practitioners are conscious of the onerous duty which they bear in this regard. In S v Gough 1980 3 SA 785 (NC) on 786E-G Basson J said that the imposition of sentence is at least as important as the trial and much more trouble should be taken by practitioners fully to inform the court of facts and circumstances which are relevant to sentence.
In this note it is intended to deal briefly with the recent modifications of a customary marriage by the KwaZulu Legislative Assembly. In 1978 the legislative assembly appointed a commission of enquiry into the legal disabilities of Zulu women. The recommendations made by the commission eventually resulted in the KwaZulu Act on the Code of Zulu Law 6 of 1981.
The tax changes proposed in the budget speech delivered by the Minister of Finance on 30 March 1983 relate to normal tax, donations tax, stamp duty, general sales tax and customs and excise duties. The brief outline of the relevant proposals which follows is based on the text of the budget speech.