With the typical condescension of the nineties, it is easy to dismiss the article as a perverse, even ludicrous, manifestation of the unenlightened, turn of the century, sexist mentality which saw the natural domain of a woman as the borne and a foray into the workplace as an affront to nature. But eighty years on and perched as we are on the eve of a new millennium, we need to reassess whether we have earned our derision and whether the current role of women, not only in our profession but in the marketplace as a whole, is in fact improved.
As you are reading this, the 'Year 2000 time bomb' is ticking away towards a non-negotiable deadline. Although extensive predictions are being made about the expected problems, nobody knows exactly what will happen on 1 January 2000 except this: things will go wrong.
The conception of ownership The uncompromising attitude of Roman law to the rights of an owner has tolerated very few exceptions in the thousands of years since it was first written in stone on the northern rim of the Mediterranean Sea. As regards ownership of securities, the JSE is about to engineer the first breach in South Africa's Roman-Dutch common law in a very long time, and the policy considerations which have, for once, swayed the lawmakers are intriguing.
The issue of commercial banks' liquidity has been the subject of much public comment of late. The importance of selecting a stable financial institution for the investment of trust funds must never be underestimated by practitioners. The current grading of South African banking institutions by Fitch IBCA South Africa is a useful reference point in selecting a banking institution where trust fund might be deposited.
In the 1960s the United States Military was concerned about the effects a nuclear strike would have on its communication system and so was born the Internet, a loosely connected system of computers that has in excess of one hundred million users. It is estimated that there are over twenty six million businessmen connected to the Internet in the United States of America and two million Internet users in South Africa. Last year business totalling more than $3 billion was transacted on the Internet and this is estimated to grow to over $30 billion within the next five years.
On 10 December 1998, the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, at the Hague, found Anto Furundzija guilty of rape as a violation of the laws or customs of war (The Prosecutor v Anto Furundzija (case IT-95-17/1-T10). This is the first time that rape committed in a wartime situation has been prosecuted generally as a violation of the laws and customs of war (a 'war crime' ). In two other cases before the Yugoslav and Rwandan tribunals where rape has been prosecuted, the accused have been found guilty either of rape as torture or of rape as a crime against humanity or a violation of the Geneva Conventions. The case is also important because it sets forward a progressive definition of rape.
South Africa's forcible intervention in Lesotho (see my article in 1999 (Jan) DR 46) has brought the whole issue of intervention and its place in international law dramatically to the fore. It has also engendered a debate on the possibility of humanitarian intervention in this part of the world and, more specifically, South Africa's future role as the leading regional power in the subcontinent. The debate includes the possible role of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in this regard.