In the case of Laugh It Off Promotions CC v South African Breweries International (Finance) BV t/a Sabmark International & Freedom of Expression Institute (CC) (case CCT 42/04) the Constitutional Court of South Africa was for the first lime called on to consider a claim of infringement of a registered trade mark. In its judgment (as yet unreported) the Constitutional Court upheld an appeal from a decision of the Supreme Court of Appeal, in Laugh It Off Promotions CC v South International t/a Sabmark International v Laugh It Off Promotions CC 2003 (2) All SA 454 (C).
In October 2004 the South African Competition Tribunal made a ruling in a case that involves what is generally known in antitrust law and securities regulation as 'gun-jumping.' The Competition Commission and The Tiso Consortium and others (case 82/FN/Oct 2004 (Tiso)) is only the second instance of gun-jumping enforcement under the South African Competition Tribunal gave reasons for its decision.
On 1 July 2005 the Immigration Amendment Act 19 of 2004 (the Act) and the new Regulations were gazetted into operation under GG27725/27-6-2005. The stated intentions of the Act (as amended) as set out in the preamble to the Act are, inter alia, ï¿½ to ensure expeditious processing of temporary and permanent residence permits, without consuming excessive administrative capacity; and ï¿½ to promote economic growth by facilitating the entry of exceptionally skilled or qualified foreign nationals.
Your company is involved in the business of selling houses. It has been having a stretch of bad luck, however, for the past couple of years and this year was the absolute worst. Despite the best efforts of management, and despite incurring large amounts in expenses, it did not manage to sell a single house and not a cent of income was earned.
It is often necessary to combine a freehold element (cluster housing) within a scheme with one or more sectional title elements (schemes), usually with certain common facilities and shared services. A more simple setting would be where no freehold units exist, but two or more sectional title schemes need to be 'linked' to share certain facilities and expenses. An additional, and often problematic, perspective arises when residential and commercial elements are combined within a single scheme. Wading through the morass of existing legislation, certain acceptable norms for administrative structures emerge as set out below.