All things being equal, the workforce should reflect the employable part of the population. Employing people with disabilities is not only the right thing to do, but is also a good thing to do, or vice versa. However, not everyone does what is right and good and so the government stepped in in the form of, inter alia, the Constitution, the Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998 (EE Act) and the Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment Act 53 of 2003 (BBBEE Act).
Intellectual property (IP) comprises intangible property that is the result of creativity. It is the subject of a real right and IP law is that branch of law that deals with the establishment and enforcement of these rights. This article represents an appetiser to a short series of feature articles that will demonstrate the interplay between various aspects of IP law with other disciplines of law, including the laws of taxation, estates, insolvency, employment and jurisdiction.
Human rights-based approaches to development put the poor at the centre of development thereby giving them opportunities to act as agencies that identify their problems. The identification process empowers the poor to challenge the structures that work to their disadvantage. With rights-based approaches, human rights become yardsticks to formulate legal and moral arguments on how disadvantaged individuals ought to be treated. By equipping people with entitlements that they can claim, rights-based approaches divert focus from top-down approaches to development to bottom-up approaches.