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oa Discourse - Energy and conserving the environment

 

Abstract

Based on five examples, an explanation is given of trends and situations regarding the world's energy needs and changes in the use of energy, caused by globalisation. By far the majority of these could not have been predicted. The urgent search for and implementation of alternative, clean, sustainable sources of energy are mentioned briefly. The conclusion about the energy situation is that the immense interdependence of countries on one another, which could lead to tension and conflict in the future, is not something that was foreseen by the phenomenon and proponents of globalisation. On the other hand, the major contribution of globalisation to the conservation of the environment is also discussed briefly, and again the conclusion is that this positive outcome of globalisation was not really predicted by its proponents.

'n Toeligting word gegee, geskoei op vyf voorbeelde, van neigings en situasies waarin die wêreld hom tans bevind ten opsigte van sy energiebehoeftes en veranderings in die aanwending daarvan, wat veroorsaak is deur globalisasie. Verreweg die meerderheid hiervan kon nie voorsien word nie. Die dringende soek na en implementering van alternatiewe, skoon, volhoubare energiebronne word kortliks aangeraak. Die gevolgtrekking word bereik dat, wat die energie-situasie betref, die geweldige interafhanklikheid van lande van mekaar tot spanning en konflik in die toekoms kan lei, iets wat nie voorsien is deur die verskynsel en voorstanders van globalisasie nie. Aan die ander kant word die reusebydrae wat globalisasie tot die bewaring van die omgewing gelewer het ook kortliks bespreek, en weereens word tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat hierdie positiewe uitkoms van globalisasie nie werklik voorsien is deur die voorstanders daarvan nie.

Kuncike ezibonelweni ezinhlanu, kunikezwe incazelo yemikhuba kanye nezimo eziqondene nezidingo zamandla omhlaba kanye nezinguquko ekusetshenzisweni kwamandla, okubangwa intuthuko yamazwe omhlaba. Iningi lalokhu belingeke licatshangelwe kakhulu. Ukuseshwa okusheshayo kanye nokusetshenziswa okuhlukile, okuhlanzekile, okuqhubekayo kwemithombo yamandla kushiwo kafushane. Isiphetho ngesimo samandla ukuthi ukuncika kwamazwe okujulile elinye kwelinye, okungaholela engcindezini nasengxabanweni esikhathini esizayo, akusiyo into eyayibonakele ngaphambi kwesikhathi ngokwenzeka kanye nakubasunguli bentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, umnikelo omkhulu wentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba ekongiweni kwemvelo nakho kuxoxwa kafushane, kanti futhi lesi siphetho ukuthi umphumela omuhle wentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba wawungacatshangelwanga phambili ngabasunguli bayo.

Tlhalošo ya mekgwa le mabaka malebana le nyakego le diphetogo tša enetši tša lefase ka go tiri o ya enetši yeo e hlolwago ke tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase e filwe e ithekgile ka mehlala ye mehlano. Bontši bja tše ka bokgole nkabe bo ka se laolelwe pele. Lesolo le le potlakilego la go tsenywa tirišong ga methopo ya enetši ye e hlwekilego ye e tsepamego go boletšwe ka boripana. Sephetho ka ga maemo a enetši ke gore kgolagano e kgolo ya dinaga, yeo e ka lebišago go ngangego le kgohlano ka moso, ga se selo seo se ilego sa bonelwa pele ke ponagalo le babašišnyi ba tšomišanokakaretšo ya lefase. Ka go le lengwe, kabelo e kgolo ya tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase go pabalelo ya tikologo le yona e boletšwe ka boripana, gape sephetho ke sa gore tšweletšo ye ya maleba ya tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase e be e sa tloge e le seo se laoletšwego pele ke bašišinyi.

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/content/discourse/37/1/EJC31191
2009-07-01
2016-12-04
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