1887

oa Discourse - The 3rd world : victim of globalisation?

 

Abstract

This article takes a look at the often unintended consequences of globalisation. It shows that economic globalisation, influenced by the predominantly capitalistic and free enterprise political economy, has a disruptive effect on Third World societies. The Third World is inextricably linked to the process of globalisation. It is a tough and competitive environment, where high-tech innovation is the biggest wealth earner. Stereotypically, the Third World exports low-grade crude oil, metals, coal and bulk agricultural products and imports expensive high-tech products from the developed world. The economic advantages of these transactions accrue mostly to the First World. One of the unintended consequences of globalisation is that parts of the First World have become industrialised and some workers in the First World are worse off than before. The argument in this article is that globalisation is irreversible, and can at most be managed. Free enterprise capitalism is essentially a destabilising process, and economic turbulence, as currently experienced, is part thereof. The answer to the countries of the Third World regarding the consequences of globalisation is not to remain dependent on the rich donor states, but to lift themselves out of the swamp of being beggar states by using the following wellknown recipe: exploit the power and potential of the human brain rather than merely selling raw natural resources. This would involve using government instruments to invest in economic strategies, apply responsible governance and empower citizens to look after themselves.

Hierdie artikel neem die dikwels onbedoelde gevolge van globalisasie onder oënskou. Dit wys daarop dat ekonomiese globalisasie onder invloed van die oorwegend kapitalistiese en vrye ondernemings- politieke ekonomie 'n ontwrigtende uitwerking op Derdewêreldsamelewings het. Die Derde Wêreld is onlosmaaklik aan die proses van globalisasie gekoppel. Dit is 'n harde en mededingende omgewing, waar hoë tegnologiese innovasie die grootse welvaartverdiener is. Stereotipies voer die Derde Wêreld laewaarderuolie, metaalertse, steenkool en grootmaatlandbouprodukte uit en voer dan duur hoëtegnologieprodukte van die ontwikkelde wêreld in. Die ekonomiese voordele van sulke transaksies bevoordeel in wese algeheel die Eerste Wêreld. Een van die onbedoelde gevolge van globalisasie is dat dele van die Eerste Wêreld geïndustrialiseer word en dat sommige werkers in die Eerste Wêreld slegter daaraan toe is as voorheen. Die argument in die artikel is dat globalisasie onomkeerbaar is, en hoogstens bestuur kan word. Vrye ondernemingskapitalisme is in wese 'n destabiliserende proses en ekonomiese onstuimigheid soos wat ons dit tans beleef, is deel daarvan. Die antwoord vir die Derde Wêreld op die gevolge van globalisasie is nie om afhanklik te bly van die ryk donateurstate nie, maar om sigself uit die moeras van bedelaarstaat uit te lig deur die bekende resep: ontgin die krag en potensiaal van die menslike brein eerder as bloot die verkoop van rou natuurlike hulpbronne. Wend staatsinstrumente aan om strategies in die ekonomie te belê, lê verantwoordbare staatsbestuur aan die dag en bemagtig inwoners om na hulleself om te sien.

Le athikili ibheka emiphumeleni kaningi engahlosiwe yentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba. Ikhombisa ukuthi intuthuko yamazwe omhlaba kwezomnotho, ethonywa kakhulu umnotho wezepolitiki wamakhephithalisiti okuyindlela yomnotho elawulwa ogembela kwezabo kanye namabhizinisi akhululekile, kunomphumela ophazamisayo emiphakathini yamazwe ahluphekayo - amazwwe e-Third World. Ngokungeze kwabalekelwa Umhlaba uxhumene nohlelo lwentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba. Kuyisimo esinzima nesinokuncintisana, lapho intuthuko yobuchwepheshe obuphezulu kuyibona obuzuza kakhulu kwezomnotho. Ngokujwayelekile, Amazwe Ahluphekile ahambisa uwoyela ongahluziwe osezingeni eliphansi, izinsimbi, amalahle kanye nemikhiqizo eminingi yezolimo futhi ingenisa imikhiqizo yobuchwepheshe obuphezulu obubizayo obuvela emazweni omhlaba. Ubuhle bezomnotho bale misebenzi yamabhizinisi bunqwabelana kakhulu eMazweni acebile - amazwe e-First World. Omunye wemiphumela engahlosiwe yokwenza kwamazwe omhlaba ukuthi izingxenye ze-First World sekuyizimboni kanti abanye abasebenzi ku-First World bahlupheka kakhulu kunakuqala. Impikiswano kule athikili ukuthi intuthuko yamazwe omhlaba ayibuyiseleki emuva, kanti okungenziwa kakhulu ukuthi ibhekelwe. Indlela yomnotho ephethwe ngogombela kwezabo (capitalism) yamabhizinisi akhululekile kakhulu iphazamisa uhlelo, kanye nokungazinzi kwezomnotho, njengoba kukhona njengamanje, kuyingxenye yalokhu. Impendulo kumazwe e-Third World maqondana nemiphumela yendlela yentuthuko yamazwe omhlaba ukuthi angahlali encike emazweni anikelayo acebile, kodwa ukuthi aziphakamise ngokwawo aphume obishini lokuba ngamazwe anqibayo ngokusebenzisa iresiphi eyaziwa kakhulu elandelayo: Ukusebenzisa amandla kanye namandla okusebenza komqondo wabantu kunokuba athengise izidingongqangi.

Lengwalonyakišišo le le lebelela go ditlamorago tšeo gantši di sa ikemišetšago tša tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase. Go laetša gore tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase ya ekonomi ye e hueditšwego ke bogolo ekonomi ya bokapitale bja kgwebo ye e lokologilego bja sepolitiki, e na le phetogo ye e kgaogantšwego go ditšhaba tša Lefase la Boraro. Lefase la Boraro le kgomagantšwe ka tlemagano le tshepedišo ya tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase. Ke tikologo ye thata gape ya phegišano, moo maithomelo a theknolotši ya godimo e lego a yo a hwetšago lehumo le legolo. Go ya ka kgopolotee, Lefase la Boraro le iša ntle oli e tala ya maemo a fase, ditšhipi, malahla le ditšweletša tše ntši tša temo gomme ya amogela ditšwantletša ditšweletšwa tša go bitša tšhelete e ntšitša theknolotši ya godimo go tšwa dinageng tšeo di hlabologilego. Mehola ya tša ekonomi ya dikwano tše e oketšega kudu go Lefase la Mathomo. Ye nngwe ya ditlamorago tše di sa ikemišetšwago tša tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase ke gore dikarolo tša Lefase la Mathomo di ile tša thoma go ba le diindasteri tšedi ntši gomme ba bangwe ba bašomi ka go Lefase la Mathomo go kaone ge ba se gona go feta peleng. Tabataba ka gare ga lengwalonyakišišo le ke gore tšhomišanokakaret šo ya lefase ga go kgonege gore e bušetšwe morago, gape ka nako e ka laolwa. Bokapitale bja kgwebo ye e lokilogilego bogolo ke tshepedišo ya go šarakan ya, gape ke pherekanyo ya ekonomi, bjalo ka ge e lemogwa gabjale, ke karolo gona moo. Karabo go Lefase la Boraro malebana le ditlamorago tša tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase ga se go dula go ikantše dinaga tše di humilego tšeo e lego baneedi, eupša go intšha ka gare ga tebetebe ya go ba dinaga tša bakgopedi ka go diriša lenaneola go tsebega le le latelago: diriša maatla le bokgoni bja monagano wa motho go ena le go rekiša methopo ya tlhago yeo e sa hlwago e šongwa. Diriša ditlabakelo tša mmušo go beeletša ka go maano a ekonomi, šomiša taolo ya maikarabelo gape o matlafatše badudi gore ba kgone go ihlokomela.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/discourse/37/1/EJC31193
2009-07-01
2016-12-09
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error