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oa Discourse - The challenges of access to higher education in the post Polokwane era for the disadvantaged communities in South Africa

 

Abstract

The Department of Higher Education and Training (DoHET) has embarked on numerous initiatives that will fundamentally reconfigure higher and further education and training in South Africa. The main aim for overhauling the country's education and training sector is to fulfil constitutional imperatives, which are clearly stated in its preamble thus to 'establish a society based on democratic values, social justice and fundamental human rights' and to build a 'democratic and open society' in order to 'improve the quality of life of all citizens and free the potential of each person'. It is within this context that the Minister of Higher Education and Training, Dr Blade Nzimande, appointed a task team that reviewed the National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) with the aim to expand funding of deserving students from poor backgrounds. The Minister was also conscious that to build a developmental state, South Africa ought to, 'produce graduates with qualifications and skills'. This short article looks at the history of NSFAS and the struggle for free education in South Africa.

Die Departement van Hoër Onderwys en Opleiding (DvHOO) het 'n hele aantal inisiatiewe van stapel gestuur wat hoër en verdere onderwys en opleiding in Suid-Afrika fundamenteel sal verander. Die hoofdoelwit vir die vernuwing van die land se onderwys en opleiding-sektor is om grondwetlike imperatiewe na te kom, wat duidelik in die Aanhef van die Grondwet genoem word om "'n samelewing gegrond op demokratiese waardes, maatskaplike geregtigheid en basiese menseregte te skep'', en om die ''grondslag te lê vir 'n demokratiese en oop samelewing waarin ... die lewensgehalte van alle burgers verhoog en die potensiaal van elke mens ontsluit [word]''. Dit is binne hierdie konteks dat die Minister van Hoër Onderwys en Opleiding, dr Blade Nzimande, 'n taakspan aangestel het wat die Nasionale Finansiële Hulpskema vir Studente (NFHS) hersien het met die doel om befondsing van verdienstelike studente uit arm agtergronde uit te brei. Die Minister was ook bewus daarvan dat, om 'n ontwikkelingstaat te bou, Suid-Afrika ''gegradueerdes met kwalifikasies en vaardighede moet oplewer''. Hierdie kort artikel kyk na die geskiedenis van NFHS en die stryd om gratis onderwys in Suid-Afrika.

Kgoro ya Thuto ya godimo le Tlhahlo (DoHET) e thomišitše ka masolo ka ga maitšhimolli ao a tla agagolefsa thuto ya godimo le tlhahlo ka Afrika Borwa. Maikemišetšomagolo a go goga lefapha la naga la thuto le tlhahlo ke go phethagatša tše bohlokwa kudu tša molaotheo, tšeo di tšweleditšwego gabotse ka go matseno a lona e le go 'hloma setšhaba seo se theilwego godimo ga mehola ya demokrasi, toka ya leago le ditokelo tša motheo tša botho' le go aga 'setšhaba sa demokrasi' gore go 'hlabollwe boleng bja bophelo bja badudi ka moka le go lokolla bokgoni bja motho o mongwe le o mongwe'. Ke ka go kamano ye moo Tona ya Thuto ya godimo le Tlhahlo, Dr Blade Nzimande, a hlomilego sehlophat homo sa go sekaseka Sekema sa Bosetšhaba sa go thuša baithuti ka ditšhelete (NSFAS) ka maikemišetšo a go katološa thekgo ya ditšhelete go baithuti bao ba tšwago malapeng a go ihlakela. Tona o be gape a šeditše gore, gore go agwe seemo sa tlhabollo, Afrika Borwa e swanetše go 'tšweletša dialoga tšeo di nago le mangwalo a dithuto le bokgoni'. Taodišwana e kopana ye e lebelela histori ya NSFAS le go katanela go se lefele thuto ka Afrika Borwa.

UMnyango Wezemfundo Ephakeme Nokuqeqesha (DoHET) usuphume imikhankaso eminingi ezokwakha kabusha imfundo ephakeme, ephambili kanye nokuqeqesha Eningizimi Afrika. Inhlosongqangi yalokhu kwakhiwa kabusha komkhakha wezemfundo nokuqeqesha Eningizimi Afrika wukufeza izimpoqo zomthethosike, ezibekwe ngokucaca esandulelweni sawo 'sokusungula umphakathi osekelwe amagugu wentando yeniningi, umthetho namalungelo obuntu' kanye 'nokwakha isizwe sentando yeningi futhi esivulelekile' ukuze 'kuthuthukiswe ikhwalithi yempilo yazo zonke izakhamizi futhi kukhululwe okungenzeka kwawo wonke umuntu'. Kuphansi kwale ngqikithi lapho Ungqongqoshe Wezemfundo Ephakeme Nokuqeqesha, uDkt Blade Nzimande, ajuba ithimba elabuyekeza i-National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) ngenhloso yokuenweba ukuxhaswa ngezimali kwabafundi abidingayo abaphuma emndenini entulayo. Ungqongqoshe wayazi ukuthi ukuze kwakheke izwe elithuthukayo, Iningizimi Afrika kudingeka, 'ikhiqize izifundiswa ezineziqu kanye namakhono'. Le atikili emfishane ibheka umlando we-NSFAS nomzukuzuku wemfundo yamahhala Eningizimi Afrika.

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/content/discourse/38/1/EJC31203
2010-06-01
2016-12-08
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