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- Volume 1963, Issue 1, 1963
East African Geographical Review - Volume 1963, Issue 1, 1963
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Volume 1963, Issue 1, 1963
Author S.J.K. BakerSource: East African Geographical Review 1963, pp 1 –6 (1963)More Less
From time immemorial there have been population movements, mainly from the north, along the open routeways of East Africa; and it is out of these movements and the various cross-currents associated with them that the present distribution of ethnic groups among the African population has emerged. The eastern and western rift highlands, in particular, seem to have been veritable lands of promise, especially to pastoralists, and to have encouraged the southward migration of immigrant groups. From another, related point of view it is possible to think of East Africa as a zone in which the Hamitic and the Negro worlds show a deep interpenetration. Racially and culturally the East African population thus presents a very considerable variety. Biologically the population is more varied than, for example, that of Western Europe; and it is everywhere permeated by Hamitic influences.
Author Merrick PosnanskySource: East African Geographical Review 1963, pp 7 –20 (1963)More Less
""One of the principal attractions of prehistory is the opportunity it affords for studying the interplay of social aspirations and environing nature over long periods of time ... The relationship between Man and external nature is... a dynamic one"" So wrote Grahame Clark in his study of Prehistoric Europe. This descriptionption could well fit historical geography. Prehistory, like historical geography, is a synthetic study and must not be confused with archaeology which is one of its tools. It is from the stand point of prehistory that I approach historical geography, a branch of geography that has been insufficiently. exploited in Africa. In Europe it is possible to map data from historical documents and maps. In Africa accurate maps and mappable statistics were non-existent or rare before the nineteenth century. This deterrent is not insurmountable however and a start is being made to prepare an African atlas of prehistory1, but we must be prepared to travel further and to construct maps from which valid interpretations can be deduced rather than to place locations on a map as an aid to the historian or archaeologist. It is the task of the geographer to indicate the significance of spatial relationships in both the present and the past.
Author A.G. RobertsonSource: East African Geographical Review 1963, pp 21 –32 (1963)More Less
Tsetse-flies are important only because they are the vectors of protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma, which give rise to various types of the deadly group of diseases known collectively as Trypanosomiasis. These diseases affect both man and his domestic animals - the human diseases being commonly known as Sleeping Sickness and the animal diseases as Nagana. As with the tsetse, of which twenty-three different species are now recognised, there are also numerous different species of trypanosome, some of which can infect man and not his domestic animals, and others vice versa.
Author A.M. O'ConnorSource: East African Geographical Review 1963, pp 33 –43 (1963)More Less
A study of the economic geography of Uganda would entail an examination of the distribution of economic activities within the country. and of the factors influencing this pattern. Many of these factors are physical or social phenomena, the distribution of which may be related to that of each economic activity; but together with rainfall, soils, tribal customs and numerous other variables, the existing level of economic development in each part of the country may play a role in encouraging or discouraging any activity in that area. This paper attempts to indicate the nature of the spatial relationship between levels of prosperity within Uganda and the pattern of recent economic development. Attention is concentrated on those activities which have been newly established, or which have expanded considerably, during the past decade, in order to discover the nature of the forces currently at work.
Author B.S. HoyleSource: East African Geographical Review 1963, pp 44 –45 (1963)More Less
The idea of building a steel rolling mill in Uganda was first associated with the Owen Falls hydro-electricity scheme completed in 1954. Plans for this scheme were initially based on the assumption that power in large quantities would be transmitted westwards to serve the copper mining developments at Kilembe, and eastwards to drive a new steel mill at Tororo. But a railway, and no1: a power line, was built to the western region, and the Tororo steel mill was never built, so that a gross excess of hydro-electricity was created which has not yet been fully absorbed.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1963, pp 46 –48 (1963)More Less
At the beginning of August. 1961, some eight weeks before Rwanda's pre-Independence elections, severe fighting broke out between supporters of the ruling Monarchist party and members of the Belgian-inspired Parmhutu party. The Monarchist party drew its main support from the Watutsi tribe which had traditionally formed the ruling class and, incidentally, is closely related to the Bahima dynasties in the Uganda Kingdoms. On a tribalist platform the Parmhutu party had succeeded in winning wide support amongst the Bahutu majority, who made up 85% of Rwanda's 2.5m. population.
Author W.B. BanageSource: East African Geographical Review 1963, pp 49 –52 (1963)More Less
The production of a national atlas is always an ambitious and difficult task, and the degree of success achieved is a measure of the closeness of co-operation between the various contributing individuals and organizations. The Atlas of Uganda, produced entirely in the short space of nine months in order to make the work available at the time of Uganda's independence in October, 1962, represents the fruitful co-operation of various government departments on the one hand, and on the other of the Lands and Surveys Department and the staff of the Department of Geography at Makerere University College. A very rewarding effort has been made to utilise the skill and experience of men whose services are no longer available in Uganda.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1963, pp 52 –56 (1963)More Less
The main objectives of this study were the mapping, descriptionption and analysis of the contemporary pattern of African subsistence crop production in its physical and human setting. As with Caesar's Gaul, a tripartite division may render the geography in question more readily comprehensible to the observer. The first section may be viewed as extending to p.39; it contains a brief methodological discussion, a concise and logically ordered account of the physical and social environment within which the pattern of agriculture has evolved, and an assessment of the total areas cultivated and available for agricultural use.