oa East African Geographical Review - Resettlement schemes for Rwanda refugees in Uganda
At the beginning of August. 1961, some eight weeks before Rwanda's pre-Independence elections, severe fighting broke out between supporters of the ruling Monarchist party and members of the Belgian-inspired Parmhutu party. The Monarchist party drew its main support from the Watutsi tribe which had traditionally formed the ruling class and, incidentally, is closely related to the Bahima dynasties in the Uganda Kingdoms. On a tribalist platform the Parmhutu party had succeeded in winning wide support amongst the Bahutu majority, who made up 85% of Rwanda's 2.5m. population.
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