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- Volume 1966, Issue 4, 1966
East African Geographical Review - Volume 1966, Issue 4, 1966
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Volume 1966, Issue 4, 1966
Author Joan M. KenworthySource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 1 –11 (1966)More Less
East Africa owes its great contrasts in natural vegetation, its diversity of crops and types of agriculture, to the wide range of altitude and resulting variation in temperature conditions, as well as to variations in amount of rainfall from place to place. The cool climate of the Kenya Highlands contributed largely to the success of European farming. besides being perhaps one of the most pleasant climates in the world. The text-book descriptionption of tropical highland climates is frequently so simplified as to suggest that increase in altitude has comparable effects to increase in latitude. In East Africa, from sea-level to nearly 20,000 feet, one might expect to find a range of climates equivalent to those found from the Equator to the Arctic or Antarctic: but the farmer or gardener soon becomes aware of differences when he introduces European plants to the East African highlands and finds that some will not grow well, or will not flower, in the light and temperature conditions of the short tropical day. In fact, there is considerable difference between 'temperate' high latitude climates, where the growing Season is limited by low winter temperatures, but compensated by long hours of daylight in the summer months, and 'temperate' climates at high altitudes in the tropics, where moisture availability (rainfall or irrigation), not temperature, determines the growing season. The adjective 'temperate' is perhaps most appropriately applied to the tropical highland climate with its small seasonal temperature range (Bailey, 1960), but in such areas crops must be suited to a wide diurnal range of temperature and fairly constant length of day.
Author D.N. McMasterSource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 13 –24 (1966)More Less
This paper is an obituary rather than a review, although since the monsoons of the western Indian Ocean have sustained a maritime circulation in sailing ships for at least two thousand years one cannot be sure. It is only a partial account in other respects: in that the facts and figures presented here concern essentially the declining years of a formerly vigorous trade; and in being written from an East African viewpoint without personal, first-hand knowledge of the countries of origin of most of the seagoing dhows. However, those who wish to travel further back or further afield with the dhows may engage two excellent guides: Hourani (1951) documents the development of Indian Ocean seafaring. from the particular viewpoint of Arab participation, from the earliest evidences up to Vasco da Gama's arrival at Malindi in 1498; and Villiers (1940) provides a vivid narrative of a round journey made on a seasonal dhow between Kuwait and East Africa in the years 1938-9.
Author J.W. KingSource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 25 –36 (1966)More Less
The subject of this paper is the historical geography of a transport system and its role in the economic development of the Bunyoro, Teso, Lango, Acholi and West Nile Districts of Uganda. Between its origin in 1912 and its closure in 1962 this system consisted of a flotilla of steamers and lighters on the Victoria Nile and Lake Kioga, a road service operating between Masindi Port and Butiaba, and a flotilla of vessels on Lake Albert .and the Albert Nile (Figs. 1 and 2). This 'Nile System' linked northern Uganda with the railway to Mombasa; and for many years the System provided the only means whereby bulk commodities could be transported from northern Uganda to world markets at reasonable cost, and by which most of the consumer and other goods needed in the area could be effectively distributed. The withdrawal of these facilities in 1962 marked the end of a significant era in the development of transport in Uganda, and an attempt is made here to indicate the volume and nature of the traffic carried and to comment upon the contribution made by the System to the economic development of the area which it served for half a century.
Author J.P. OcittiSource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 37 –48 (1966)More Less
The writing of this study was stimulated by three principal factors: the fact that relatively little has been written on the urban geography of individual East African towns; the need to emphasize by means of a specific example the fact that geography deals with realities rather than with academic abstractions, and that field work is the essence of geographical reseach; and that a geographical study of a town may be useful to the physical planner since ""town planning is the art for which geography is the science"".2 No systematic investigation of Kitgum Township has previously been attempted, and the present paper aims to fill this gap and to illustrate a straightforward method of general urban analysis which might usefully be applied to other East African towns.
Author L. BerrySource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 49 –55 (1966)More Less
The Sudan is primarily an agricultural country, 65 per cent of its exports being cotton and cotton seed and a large proportion of the remainder being gum arabic. In addition. traditional agriculture still provides a means of livelihood for most of the population and nearly 60 per cent of the gross domestic product is derived from agriculture. Traditional agriculture and land use in the Sudan depend very much upon rainfall. The pattern of rainfall zones is mainly one of east-west bands running across the country and ranging from true desert in the north to over 60 inches of rainfall a year in the south. In the acacia-desert-scrub belt in the north, where rainfall averages between 4 inches and 15 inches a year, a traditionally semi-nomadic population still occupies many areas with herds of cattle, sheep and camels.
Author S. LitherlandSource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 57 –62 (1966)More Less
Following a recommendation by the United Nations Urban Planning Mission. who were in Kampala-Mengo in 1963-64, the Uganda Government sought external technical assistance for the. purpose of examining the future physical development of the Kampala-Mengo Region. This assistance has been provided by the United Nations Technical Assistance Bureau and the British Government. The personnel provided form a mission who are attached to and work closely with the Department of Town and Regional Planning. There are five members of the Kampala-Mengo Regional Planning Mission, the first arriving in September 1964 and the last due to depart towards the end of 1966. Several disciplines are represented including physical planning. architecture, economics. social sciences and statistics. Additional to the external members there are two Ugandans. a geographer and a sociologist. The broad composition of the mission marks an important departure from the former limited concept of town planning by architects and civil engineers. Nevertheless the team could profitably be expanded further to include a transportation engineer and a public health engineer.
Author K. PeaceSource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 62 –65 (1966)More Less
Ankole is renowned for its long-horned cattle. but since the invasion of the Kingdom by the tsetse, Glossina morsitans, at the beginning of this century east Ankole has been almost denuded of cattle with the exception of a tsetse-free pocket of open grassland at Rushozi. At the beginning of September 1965 the first cattle moved into the Ankole Ranching Scheme. This is part of the repopulation of Nyabushozi County, which in the past has been an area occupied largely by Hima pastoralists.
Author A.N. LigaleSource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 65 –68 (1966)More Less
Maragoli is an area comprising two locations in the Kakamega District of western Kenya. It lies immediately north of the Equator, and most of the area is situated to the west of longitude 34ï¿½40' east. Outstanding amongst the topographical features of this area are the Maragoli Hills which rise to heights of 6,068 feet (Maragoli) and 6,043 feet (New Maragoli). The southern boundary of these hills is defined by the Maseno and Maragoli faults running eastwards from Rabuor Hill. The Vuhani river, which flows southwards towards Lake Victoria, has deeply incised the area between the two peaks. North of the hill area a peneplain, lying generally at 4,500 to 5,000 feet above sea level, tilts gently westwards. The area is underlain by sedimentary rocks of the Kavirondian system and by volcanic rocks of the older Nyanzian system. Major plutonic intrusions of post-Kavirondian age are also in evidence, especially in the hill area of the south.
Author A.M. O'ConnorSource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 69 –76 (1966)More Less
In the 1965 issue of the Review P.H. Temple provided an appraisal of the current state of geological mapping in East Africa. The present paper is intended to provide a similar survey of the ï¿½current state of topographic mapping in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. It is not possible here to discuss the historical development of such mapping, and attention is confined to those maps currently available. The situation descriptionbed is that prevailing in January 1966.
Author D.G. LewisSource: East African Geographical Review 1966, pp 76 –79 (1966)More Less
Saintly geographers preach the virtues of local studies for which I, sinning, have ever found precious little school time. During my own H.S.C. pupilship one occasionally saintly teacher asked some of us each to carry out a local study, and I asked the same of the fifth form at Shimo la Tewa School. Mombasa, in 1965 with results that encourage me to continue the scheme. Although the standard may vary and even fall short, yet this work has appreciable value for the pupils and for their school.