oa East African Geographical Review - Some notes on the recent development of agricultural resources in the Sudan
The Sudan is primarily an agricultural country, 65 per cent of its exports being cotton and cotton seed and a large proportion of the remainder being gum arabic. In addition. traditional agriculture still provides a means of livelihood for most of the population and nearly 60 per cent of the gross domestic product is derived from agriculture. Traditional agriculture and land use in the Sudan depend very much upon rainfall. The pattern of rainfall zones is mainly one of east-west bands running across the country and ranging from true desert in the north to over 60 inches of rainfall a year in the south. In the acacia-desert-scrub belt in the north, where rainfall averages between 4 inches and 15 inches a year, a traditionally semi-nomadic population still occupies many areas with herds of cattle, sheep and camels.
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