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- Volume 1967, Issue 5, 1967
East African Geographical Review - Volume 1967, Issue 5, 1967
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Volume 1967, Issue 5, 1967
Author M.S.R. HuttSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 1 –8 (1967)More Less
""When interpreted with proper scientific passion, pathology can be not only fascinating but beautiful"". This is a quotation from a recent book review in the Observer. I cannot guarantee to show you the beauty of pathology but hope to reveal some of its fascination. There are, I believe still some laymen who associate the word 'pathologist' only with crime, the law court and amazing deductions in detective fiction. These forensic brothers, however, represent only a small part of the pathological band and most pathologists are as concerned with diagnosis in the living patient as they are with causes of death. In a medical school the various branches of pathology should form a bridge between the preclinical scientists concerned with a study of normal structure and function and the clinicians studying their individual patients.
Author Brenda J. TurnerSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 9 –19 (1967)More Less
An investigation of the Bunyoro Ranching Scheme, undertaken between 1960 and 1962, has provided a preliminary study of the ecological problems involved in ranch management of moist savanna woodland areas of Uganda. A 100 square mile cattle ranch was established in 1956 by Agricultural Enterprises Ltd., a subsidiary of the Uganda Development Corporation. Its inauguration followed two years after the apparent eradication of tsetse from the area and aimed at developing a relatively unpopulated and unproductive region. By 1960 game had been drastically reduced in the interests of tsetse fly control and the number of cattle increased from a few to approximately 4,500. Despite many problems the area now supports a more permanent and dense population of cattle than at any time earlier in the century, and probably more than in earlier centuries when it formed part of the ranchlands of the royal herds of the Mukama of Bunyoro. The overall picture in recent years is one of change from the widespread, varied and less intensive grazing and trampling of game to the more local, intensive and uniform effect of the domestic animal. This has had an immediate impact on the soil and vegetation, the practical implications of which will be discussed.
Author B.W. LanglandsSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 21 –37 (1967)More Less
Grass and bush burning is a time-honoured custom in Africa and much has been written on the purposes underlying the practice and upon its disadvantages. At the same time scientific work by the pasture agronomist is still largely in an experimental phase, and work by other scientists has not gone far towards substantiating the arguments for or against burning. There is no attempt in this essay to meet these gaps, but perhaps some purpose may be fulfilled in assessing some of the arguments. so far put forward, to see the need for further work and to examine the relevance of work done elsewhere to Uganda. In the past much discussion has concerned the deleterious effect of burning without recognising the reality that in most circumstances some form of burning is inevitable or that for some purposes may be desirable.
Author A. MascarenhasSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 39 –46 (1967)More Less
The site of Dar es Salaam must have always been attractive for human settlement. However, until a few months ago, it was readily accepted that the importance of Dar es Salaam went no further back than the 1860's when Sultan Majid, feeling insecure at Zanzibar. decided to start a seat of refuge on the mainland which since that time is known as ""Heaven of Peace"" (in Swahili: Dar es Salaam). The discovery of sgraffiato pottery in 1966 allegedly indicates that this site might have been an important settlement some seven hundred years ago. But interesting and controversial as the origin of Dar es Salaam is, it has little bearing on the present study of the town. The decree of the German government in January 1891, which made Dar es Salaam the capital of their colonial possessions in East Africa. can be considered to have been a dominant factor in initiating its growth.
Author L.W. HannaSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 47 –54 (1967)More Less
It is unnecessary here to justify the importance of landforms in the study of geography and the claim that their full understanding requires careful field observation. What is true of geography as a discipline is vital in its teaching. This is the essence of the problem. of good geography teaching, for it can be taught with textbooks and chalkboard, but to be successful these must be supported by skilful use of visual materials and field work, both of which make great demands on the time and energy of the teacher. Without them the student is equipped with a mass of factual material, a poor foundation for further academic study and only a small contribution to his real education. He may understand the mechanics of the earth's structure or the processes of denudation and yet be incapable of recognising the consequences of these on the landscape or a map. Such dangers in unimaginative formal teaching are numerous, and the concentric approach, working from the known to the unknown, and sample studies, while not complete answers in themselves are attempts to provide a basis in comprehensible features. At the same time there has been a commendable increase in fieldwork in schools which is the best way to bring reality and understanding into geographical teaching.
Author J.K. NderituSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 55 –57 (1967)More Less
The Mwea-Tebere rice irrigation project is a child of the Mwea Development Scheme which had been started to restore land which had been eroded and degraded as a result of overstocking. It is situated about 70 miles northeast of Nairobi in Kirinyaga district of the Central Province of Kenya. on the dry plains to the southeast of Mt. Kenya. Standing at about 3,500 feet the area receives an average of about 30 inches of rain which is particularly unreliable; thus there was 23 inches in 1960, 50 inches in 1963 and 29 inches in 1965. It is an area of impervious, heavy. black cotton soil which overlies a weathered trachyte bed. The scheme had its birth in 1952, when experiments on irrigated crops, notably rice and tobacco, were tried.
Author H.M. ArokaSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 58 –59 (1967)More Less
Kendu Bay is a fishing port and steamer landing point on Kavirondo gulf. The area comprises a swamp zone on the lake plains at about 3,700 feet, an escarpment, and a plateau zone above at 3,850 feet. There is more swamp in the west where the river Oluoch meanders over a flat plain. The east is generally higher and the rivers are shorter, faster and without meanders.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 59 –61 (1967)More Less
Port capacity, in as far as it determines a country's ability to engage in external trade, is often an indicator of the country's prosperity. This is particularly true of the new states of Africa. the bulk of whose trade is with overseas areas. In East Africa there exists a very wide variation in terms of capacity between the five ocean terminals of Mombasa, Tanga, Zanzibar, Dar es Salaam and Mtwara. Mombasa is by far the best equipped of the group, and the extent of facilities at Dar es Salaam is much less (Table 1). Tanga and Zanzibar are equipped only as lighterage ports; and although Mtwara has an excellent natural harbour and a deep-water quay, the level of traffic handled there is very low.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1967 (1967)More Less
The chief problem of expanding port facilities is that of obtaining financial provision for expansion before the need becomes extremely pressing. Whilst the dangers of over-capitalization must be avoided, the cost of making available at all times a reasonable margin of spare capacity needs to be compared with the delays and traffic losses which inevitably result if serious congestion is allowed to occur repeatedly.
Author N.L. HowarthSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 63 –64 (1967)More Less
In 1960 it was decided to grow tea in Bunyoro primarily as part of the Uganda Government's plans to diversify the country's agriculture and to shift some of its economic dependence on cotton and coffee to other crops, and secondarily to initiate some sort of major agricultural / industrial project which would provide employment in an area of Uganda which had previously received little in the way of development stimulation. The project has taken the form of a plantation controlled by Agricultural Enterprises Ltd., a subsidary of the Uganda Development Corporation, together with production on small farms in the neighbourhood.
Author D.M. EtooriSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 65 –66 (1967)More Less
For many years the chief source of fresh milk for Kampala has been Kenya. That country at present exports to Uganda an average of 10,000 gallons of milk per day, of which about 8.000 gallons are sold in Kampala. This milk is produced on farms in the Western Highlands of Kenya. where the cattle are entirely exotic, the main breeds being Ayrshires, Guernseys, Jerseys and Friesians. The milk is collected and processed by the Kenya Co-operative Creameries. and transported to Uganda by rail. Some milk is unloaded at stations between the Kenya border and Kampala. but most arrives in Kampala where it is distributed to retail dairies by the Uganda Creameries.
Author L.W. Morgan, W.T.W. & HannaSource: East African Geographical Review 1967, pp 67 –69 (1967)More Less
The East African Weather Report has been issued weekly since June 1966 to cover conditions from Wednesday to Wednesday. At present the reports consist of daily pressure charts (at 1200 hours G.M.T.), a table or weekly rainfall and a map showing the week's rain at 106 stations, together with a page of comment on the weather of 'the week. These charts provide the geographer with an opportunity to study conditions only a few days after they have been experienced and so are valuable teaching aids. A short statement entitled Notes for users has been prepared but this present note supplements this. It may also be helpful to discuss the relevance of these charts to the geographer and to introduce students to modern concepts of tropical meteorology of especial significance to East Africa.