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- Volume 1969, Issue 7, 1969
East African Geographical Review - Volume 1969, Issue 7, 1969
Volumes & issues
Volume 1969, Issue 7, 1969
Author M. SafierSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 1 –13 (1969)More Less
The aim of the following discussion is to descriptionbe the outlines of a problem for geographical analysis. It is not the object to conduct any such analysis at this time. The problem is to define the distribution of development over East Africa more precisely than has been the case hitherto. At first sight this does not seem to be much of a problem at all. Even the most casual observer travelling through the length and breadth of Uganda. Kenya and Tanzania could hardly fail to be struck by the manifest differences in the cultural landscape over the area. Though over large tracts of country the economic and social attainments of the resident populations are of a low order of sophistication, the level of economic growth and modernisation often alters quite quickly from place to place. In one area the impact made by human habitation appears limited to small clusters of impermanent dwellings, while a few miles away all the technical resources and social organisation of modem man have clearly been at work in building and maintaining a highly developed centre of occupance and activity.
Author J.L. NewmanSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 15 –24 (1969)More Less
Perhaps the best way to begin is to ask why this paper is entitled ""A Sandawe Settlement Geography"" rather than ""A Geography of Sandawe Settlement"" or ""A Settlement Geography of the Sandawe?"" The question is not posed so that we might begin an exercise in word quibbling, but is intended to raise the issue of the stance which is taken when looking at the problem. Who is to be the prime categorizer, interpreter, evaluator the outside investigator (myself) or the people of the society, in this case the Sandawe of Kondoa Area in central Tanzania? Here the plan is, so far as possible, to hand the task over to the Sandawe; to let them order and explain the various factors which they see as operative in shaping their pattern or settlement.
Author M.A. HirstSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 25 –36 (1969)More Less
In the absence of a national registration of births and deaths, and the lack of comparability between population census figures at the lower levels of enumeration. it is impossible to establish for Tanzania the spatial variation in the net gain or loss in population resulting from migration.1 This is likely to remain so for several decades to come and it seems worthwhile, therefore, to try to estimate the relative net migration patterns from the available census data. Indeed such an attempt to map areas of net in- and out-migration has already been made for Ghana.2 Using the 1960 census data. Hunter found a correlation, at Local Council level, of r = +0.789 between immigration (as represented by persons 'not born in this locality') and sex ratio of the 15-44 years age group (i.e. 'economically active persons'). He then proceeded to use adult sex ratio as the basis for delimiting net in- and out-migration regions in Ghana.3 Furthermore on a local scale, Hunter has plotted adult sex ratio by Chiefdoms to identify the varying emigration rates within Nangodi, northern Ghana.4 In a similar way, District variations in total sex ratio have been related to patterns of in- and out-migration in Tanzania: high sex ratios being associated with urban centres and rural areas offering wage employment, and low sex ratios associated with areas of outmigration.5
Author I. JacksonSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 37 –43 (1969)More Less
The magnitude of rainfall gradients clearly has implications in terms of the density of raingauge networks required to assess the volume of rainfall over an area to within certain orders of accuracy. The magnitude will differ greatly from one location to another however, dependent largely upon the nature of the atmospheric processes producing rain (Gibbs 1964) and the relief of the area. In spite of this, results from one area may give guidance as to the network required for other similar areas or as to the extent that existing networks are likely to be representative.
Author R. MillmanSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 45 –52 (1969)More Less
The Kano Plains lie at the head of the Kavirondo Gulf near Kisumu, western Kenya, over 200 miles by tarmac road from Nairobi.1 They are hemmed in by the surrounding highland areas which show faulted, scarped edges in close juxtaposition with the Plains themselves - which lie between 3,750 feet and 4,000 feet above sea level.2 The area suffers from intractable, alluvial soils which have very poor drainage, together with overpopulation problems and years of drought and periodic flooding.3 Following the most disastrous floods in local living memory in 1962, a pilot irrigation scheme has been started on the Plains, following on the Kenya government's promise to do something about this overpopulated area. With Kenya's population increasing at 3% per annum (1962 census estimates) and over half the country classed as semi-arid it is very important that problem areas like the Kano Plains should come under close scrutiny.
Author R. Arap-ChellalSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 53 –60 (1969)More Less
The Kerio river is in the Rift Valley Province of Kenya where its headwater tributaries rise from the southern extreme of the Elgeyo escarpment. The river course is in a deep valley flanked by the Kamasai hills, in the east and Elgeyo escarpment in the west and finally empties its water into lake Rudolf in the north. Flowing along the floor of the rift valley it serves as a convenient boundary between Baringo District in the east and the district of Elgeyo-Marakwet and West Pokot on the West. ""Kerio"", is the usual name for it, except in Marakwet where it is known as ""Endo"" and for the purpose of this essay the name ""Kerio"" will be employed. This essay will examine how the river has been instrumental in sectional and tribal settlement, and in the use of land and water. The conflicts associated with these economic and social aspects will be seen to assume a political role. The treatment of these problems in this account falls into three distinct sections determined by the occurrence of these problems in three separate geographical areas.
Author J.B. SplanskySource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 61 –78 (1969)More Less
This paper attempts to briefly summarize data collected over four months of fieldwork in mid-1968. The retail data has been extracted from a larger body of raw information collected as a part of a study on settlement in Ankole. Little, if any, literature that purports to characterize retailing in a local area of East Africa exists in the geographic literature. It is the intention of this paper to present such information for consideration and discussion.
Author I.L. GrittithsSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 79 –85 (1969)More Less
Developing countries are important to the world motor industry because collectively they form a large and very rapidly expanding market. Motor sales and servicing are almost as ubiquitous in distribution as is the motor vehicle itself, and all countries have at least an embryonic motor industry. Establishment of the more advanced stages of the industry can form a useful part of industrialisation, leading to savings in foreign exchange, the attraction of foreign investment and the acquisition of important skills.
Author J.P. OcittiSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 87 –91 (1969)More Less
This article is a revision of a paper read to a group of secondary school teachers who attended a refresher course at Makerere University College in April 1969. The discussion which followed and the conclusions reached emphasized the fact that there is an urgent need to furnish geography teachers in East African Secondary Schools with some guidance on how best to tackle fieldwork in urban areas. In an attempt to examine the aims, scope and techniques of fieldwork in urban areas, suitable for secondary schools, three questions will be answered. Firstly, what is the scope of urban geography? Secondly, what aspects of urban geography readily lend themselves to field studies? And thirdly, what are some of the techniques of fieldwork in urban areas?
Author D.J. GreatheadSource: East African Geographical Review 1969, pp 93 –95 (1969)More Less
Locusts have figured in records from the earliest times as one of the most dramatic of insect pests. Not until Uvarov propounded his phase theory in 1921 was progress made in understanding what locusts are and how they appear so suddenly and with devastating effect. Uvarov showed that locusts were simply grasshoppers (Acrididae : Orthoptera) with the special facility of changing phase from the normal solitary form to an active gregarious form. This led to extensive field exploration in the 1930's and 1940's which gave an understanding of the outlines of the process in Africa and to the setting up of control and research organisations.
Author I.J.K. UyirwothSource: East African Geographical Review 1969 (1969)More Less
The area of the extreme southwest corner of West Nile District of Uganda is subject to a major landscape transformation with the establishment of the Zeu Tea Project. The area had been studied for its suitability for tea by Mr. E. Hainsworth of the East African Tea Research Institute. Kericho in June 1967. Even before this survey the Zombo Department of Agriculture Experimental Farm, a short distance southeast of Zeu had one acre of tea, half of which had been planted in 1962 and half in 1964.