oa East African Geographical Review - Human problems associated with the Kerio river, Kenya



The Kerio river is in the Rift Valley Province of Kenya where its headwater tributaries rise from the southern extreme of the Elgeyo escarpment. The river course is in a deep valley flanked by the Kamasai hills, in the east and Elgeyo escarpment in the west and finally empties its water into lake Rudolf in the north. Flowing along the floor of the rift valley it serves as a convenient boundary between Baringo District in the east and the district of Elgeyo-Marakwet and West Pokot on the West. ""Kerio"", is the usual name for it, except in Marakwet where it is known as ""Endo"" and for the purpose of this essay the name ""Kerio"" will be employed. This essay will examine how the river has been instrumental in sectional and tribal settlement, and in the use of land and water. The conflicts associated with these economic and social aspects will be seen to assume a political role. The treatment of these problems in this account falls into three distinct sections determined by the occurrence of these problems in three separate geographical areas.


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