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- Volume 1970, Issue 8, 1970
East African Geographical Review - Volume 1970, Issue 8, 1970
Volumes & issues
Volume 1970, Issue 8, 1970
Author B.A. DatooSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 1 –10 (1970)More Less
The East African coast has had maritime contacts with the peripheral lands of the Arabian Sea from time immemorial, and although dhows have been superseded by steamships since the latter part of the nineteenth century, a few still visit East Africa every year. Unless they are equipped with engines, movement of these sailing craft is dependent upon the monsoonal regime of the western Indian Ocean. However, popular ideas about monsoons constitute major misconceptions. These relate to the southern extent of the reliable northeast monsoon employed for the outward journey to East Africa, and the use of the southwest monsoon for the homeward passage to Arabia, Iran and India. This article seeks to correct these misconceptions on the basis of meteorological conditions in the western Indian Ocean, substantiated where possible by empirical evidence, contemporary and historical.
Author I.D. CarruthersSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 11 –22 (1970)More Less
In comparison with neighbouring East African countries, Uganda may be considered well endowed with rainfall. A study of average annual or monthly rainfall maps, (Atlas of Uganda 1967), reveals that there is clear bimodal distribution but some rainfall each month in almost all areas. As might be expected there is a clear positive correlation between annual rainfall and population density. It has been noted that the correlation is closer when the reliability of a given amount of rainfall is taken into account (Manning 1956). Mean rainfall data is of little value to the agriculturist when much of the precipitation is derived from tropical convection storms resulting in extreme variability over time. Even where there is reliable rainfall probability data, as for many parts of Uganda, this is but one input for determining crop water requirements.
Author Charles A. PrattSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 23 –29 (1970)More Less
An examination of some aspects of the provision and use of pictures in the teaching of geography in a developing country. The teaching of geography should begin with a study of the local environment and proceed from the known to the unknown. From the scene we can visit to the scene we can only visualise. The local study can be completed without the use of pictures, though this is, in my view, quite wrong and will be discussed later, but the geographical study of places quite remote, physically and economically, from the environment of our school, is very dependent on our pupils ability to visualise the unfamiliar scene.
Author Malcolm K. MackenzieSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 31 –37 (1970)More Less
The major features of the map (Fig. 1) of commercial tobacco cultivation in Uganda are the rather peripheral distribution and the concentration into three main regions: in West Nile, the ""Middle North"" (Acholi, Lango, and East Madi), and Bunyoro-Mubende, with one subsidiary region, North Kigezi. Although tobacco can grow anywhere in Uganda. except at very high altitudes, the locational pattern is far from fortuitous. It is due largely to government policy to develop tobacco growing in the west and north where cash crops were needed rather than in the Lake Victoria-Elgon region, where it would have had a harmful effect upon the cotton and coffee already established there. That was during the early establishment of tobacco, in the 1930's and 1940's.
Author R.T. JacksonSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 39 –46 (1970)More Less
In the Doko area of the Gamu Highlands (Fig. 1) of Southern Ethiopia1, there are two types of farmer: those who are rich enough to be involved in a cash economy and those whose poverty restricts their agricultural efforts to the production of sufficient food to keep themselves and their families alive. These two classes of farmer have different economic outlooks and they express these outlooks through their different land use management approaches. The richer in attempting to enlarge, if not maximise, profits, rationalise their land use according to certain economic constraints e.g. inputs in relation to expected outputs. The poorer are restricted both by the size of their holdings and by their lack of capital. The result, descriptionbed in more detail below, of these dual sets of constraints is a pattern of land use and settlement for the whole community which masks two very different land use evaluations (Fig. 2).
Author Jose A. SmithSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 47 –54 (1970)More Less
The majority of sugar produced in Uganda is from private estates of which the largest are the Mehta Group estate at Lugazi in East Mengo district and the Madhvani Group at Kakira near Jinja in Busoga district. Both concerns have a large estate and a factory for refining sugar. Whilst there are other estates on a smaller scale, Lugazi and Kakira are unique in the development of a large number of outgrowers associated with the factory. Farmers around the estate have seen the advantage of sugar as a cash crop or have been encouraged to grow sugar!, which they have transported and sold at the factory gate. Outgrowing of this nature is not confined to sugar as it is very common in the production of tea in western Uganda. In addition, the Government plans to introduce the system in northern Uganda with a project to grow 24,000 acres of sugar at Kinyala in Bunyoro district, of which 11,000 acres will be produced by outgrowers.
Author P.P. WallerSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 55 –60 (1970)More Less
The first stage in the preparation of a regional plan is the delineation of a planning region. Frequently this stage must be completed very quickly in order to enable the planning team to begin their surveys in the area. In the following paper, a method will be descriptionbed by means of which a planning region may be delimited very quickly on the basis of data generally available in developing countries. In the autumn of 1966 a study group of the German Development Institute, comprising six members, was set the task of carrying out a preliminary study on regional planning in Western Kenya. In contrast to the physical planning group in the Ministry of Land and Settlement, this group was not obliged to observe administrative boundaries but was able to delineate the region according to its own points of view.
Author D.C. FunnellSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 61 –69 (1970)More Less
The world wide expansion of air-cargo traffic is being felt in East Africa. Most of the produce in these countries is exported by sea but there has been a significant increase in the use of airfreighting in the last few years. It is the intention of this paper to descriptionbe briefly these developments and to discuss some of the problems that have arisen as the opportunities for increasing the flow are realised.
Author M.A. HirstSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 71 –73 (1970)More Less
Potential of population is an index of the nearness, or accessibility, of people. It is equal to the number of people divided by their distance away and has the dimensions of persons per unit distance. Using data grouped by areal units, the potential which the population of a segment of an area creates at a distant segment is that population divided by the distance between the two segments - the population of each segment is assumed to be concentrated at some chosen control point within their boundary and the distance is measured between these two points. The total potential at each segment is itself potential plus the sum of all the separate potentials created there by the population of all the other segments. If this summed-up value is computed for each segment within the total area, it is possible to interpolate isopleths of potential on a map. (1)
Author J.P.B.M. OumaSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 75 –77 (1970)More Less
All the Governments in East Africa recognize practically the significance of tourism. And the industry will never return to the dark days of indifference when its activities were a part-time occupation, in which neither the colonial governments nor our people took a serious interest. But only rational developmental programme and activities will lead the travel trade on to a bright future. No wonder, therefore, that all the three Governments recognize the need to assess the potential of the tourist attractions, the degree and direction to which they have been developed, and the service and related facilities available to satisfy the visitors who come. And, certainly, those attractions must be conserved through planned development. Therefore, in the light of the bright prospects forecast in world tourism1, a planned development which involves a concerted effort in all relevant fronts could uplift East African tourism to staggering heights by the end of the 1970s.
Author Stephen R. TaberSource: East African Geographical Review 1970, pp 78 –80 (1970)More Less
Starting on the 18th of August 1969, the third complete Census of Uganda was carried out. The enumeration proceeded well, and was completed in four days, less than time expected, due to a sufficient number of enumerators and a cooperative population. The success was aided greatly by the declaration of a curfew on Census night. All places of public entertainment were closed, and special passes issued to employees in essential services and others who needed to be out on census night. Consequently, the Census was completed overnight in all towns and urban areas, and in the areas along Lake Victoria where the population is dense and highly mobile. As a result, it is felt that the 1969 Census is probably the most complete of the series of three that was started in 1948.