oa East African Geographical Review - An example of graded fieldwork activities
Fieldwork, mapwork and the use of pictorial material are all techniques which are advocated for teaching geography both at the primary and secondary levels of education. To be educationally beneficial, however, each must be adapted to the group of children for which it is intended. In the first instance, the learning activities must be related to the stages of the mental growth and development of children.1 Secondly, we ought to accept what Scarfe calls the ""theory of concentric development"", that is, that geography should be taught as a consecutively developing topic growing rather like a biological organism and that a programme of geographical studies should be planned which provide for a sequential development of increasingly difficult concepts or ideas as a method of introducing pupils to the study of geography and of developing their skill in using the methods and tools of that discipline.2 Thirdly, we must have some clear ideas as to what constitutes the core of school geographical education whose development has to be partly promoted through successive stages of fieldwork programme.
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