The region has survived the quantitatlive revolution in a rather ambiguous fashion. The older, intuitive, feel for the regional 'ethos' in an area persists alongside taxonomic attempts to minimise intragroup variance and maximise inter-group variance. In addition the literature speaks freely of regional systems and central place systems where both terms often smack of modern euphemisms for the older term 'region'.
The problem of educated youth have made educators and concerned citizen in the world think seriously about the place of the organised disciplines of knowledge in education. In independent Africa the impetus for this interest has received renewed vigour after the achievement of political independence. Africans have become aware, among other things, of the need for producing not only large numbers of educated personnel and professionals, but also for producing well educated responsible citizens, who may enable our countries to face the demands of life in a highly precarious and rapidly changing world.
The Mkwinda dambo1 15kms long, near Bunda College of Agriculture in the Central Region of Malawi, is an independent, minor tributary of the Lilongwe River. Heavy overgrazing let to an axial erosion gulley which threatened the destruction of the grassland floor. A dam was constructed to stop the headward recession of erosion and the dam has further affected the hydrological regime of the dambe.
This paper is a preliminary report of a larger research project on the central places in Buganda. Its purpose is to appraise the functions and other characteristics of trading centres in Central Buganda as they existed during 1971/72. Central Buganda is here defined to include the districts of West and East Buganda as well as the counties of Singo and Busujju in Mubende district. The offshore islands and the Kampala urbanized area were excluded. Sixty-four trading centres with a size of more than 10 shops and containing more than 80% of all shops in the area were examined. Various elements of their urban structure were recorded and interviews conducted.
Market data has been collected for thirty-six of the forty-one districts of Kenya. Mombasa District and the former Nairobi Extra-Provincial District, which are predominantly urban, have been excluded and data are not available for three other districts: Samburu, Garissa and Kilifi.
The Earth's magnetic field at any point on the Earth's surface can be represented by a vector F whose length is a measure of the field strength and whose direction indicates the direction of the magnetic field at that point. In Nairobi at the present time such a vector would point upwards at an angle of about 270 to the horizontal, and just westward of geographic north (see Fig.1). The angle between the direction of the horizontal component of the field H and true north is called the magnetic declination D and is of interest to map makers, surveyors and navigators. Thus the needle of a magnetic compass points in the direction of 'magnetic I north and a knowledge of the local declination angle is needed to correct this to the direction of geographic north.
The new East African Certificate of Education Geography syllabus1 will be examined for the first time in November, 1973 when some 40 selected schools in Uganda and Kenya will present candidates for a new and important examination.2