n South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences - The general equilibrium effects of a productivity increase on the economy and gender in South Africa : microsimulation
|Article Title||The general equilibrium effects of a productivity increase on the economy and gender in South Africa : microsimulation|
|© Publisher:||University of Pretoria|
|Journal||South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences|
|Author||Godbertha Kinyondo and Margaret Mabugu|
|Publication Date||Sep 2009|
|Pages||307 - 326|
|Keyword(s)||CGE, D24, F11, F14, F21, FDI, Gender, J16, Productivity and South Africa|
ISI Social Science
This study utilises a computable general equilibrium model to examine the effects of economy-wide (SIM 1) and partial (SIM 2) productivity increases on the economy, gender employment, wages, income and welfare in South Africa. SIM 1 results in 'output' led employment demand and increased earnings for all skill types of men and women. Skilled men benefit more than others in most sectors. Under SIM 2, productivity has a negative employment impact in the selected sectors, on all skills mostly in labour-intensive sectors. In general, productivity improves households' welfare due to reduced commodity prices and improved earnings. If productivity rises only in men-intensive sectors, men's wages rise while raising productivity in only women-intensive sectors affect women negatively.
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