n South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences - Innovation outcomes of South African new technology-based firms : a contribution to the debate on the performance of science park firms
|Article Title||Innovation outcomes of South African new technology-based firms : a contribution to the debate on the performance of science park firms|
|© Publisher:||University of Pretoria|
|Journal||South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences|
|Affiliations||1 University of Pretoria, 2 University of Pretoria and 3 University of Pretoria|
|Publication Date||Jan 2011|
|Pages||361 - 378|
|Keyword(s)||D83, Innovative outcomes, Knowledge transfer, L14, New technology-based firms, O31, Science parks and Spillovers|
ISI Social Science
Science parks are often established to drive regional economic growth, especially in countries with emerging economies. However, mixed findings on the innovation outcomes of science park firms are reported in the literature. This study systematically identifies innovation outputs used in the science park literature and argues: (a) that firms generate different outcomes at various stages of the innovation process; and (b) that their use is a possible explanation for the mixed findings reported in the field. This paper combines a knowledge production function approach, modeling knowledge transfers and spillover flowing to new technology-based firms (NTBFs) in the emerging South African economy with innovation outcomes, which are measured by using a multi-dimensional construct. The estimations produce non-consistent and non-systematic results across different dimensions of innovation outcomes, implying that results are outcome indicator specific and that it makes sense to distinguish multiple indicators of innovation outcomes referring to different phases in a firm's innovation process.
Article metrics loading...