n South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences - Psychological capital, a requisite for organisational performance in South Africa
|Article Title||Psychological capital, a requisite for organisational performance in South Africa|
|© Publisher:||University of Pretoria|
|Journal||South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences|
|Affiliations||1 University of Pretoria and 2 University of Pretoria|
|Publication Date||Jan 2012|
|Pages||16 - 30|
|Keyword(s)||D23, Employee performance, Human Resource practitioner, M12, O15, Positive psychology and Psychological capital|
ISI Social Science
Scholars argue that to address the social, economic and political challenges facing South Africa since 1994, organisational managers/leaders should adopt a positive approach, based on sound organisational behaviour. This study administered the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) to determine whether human resources practitioners (N=131) as custodians of change and positive behaviour in organisations in South Africa embrace core elements of Positive Organisational Behaviour (POB). Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a three-factor model for the PCQ, renamed the Potential South African PsyCap (PSA-PsyCap) instrument. All dimensions displayed acceptable reliabilities. Statistically significant differences exist in the POB of demographic groups, relating to age, marital status, home language, seniority and qualifications. This research reveals that South African HR practitioners and managers should fully embrace psychological capital to effectively create caring workplaces taking cognizance of the broader economic and social issues affecting employees and their performance.
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