n South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences - Empirical study of national technological innovation capability in Africa
|Article Title||Empirical study of national technological innovation capability in Africa|
|© Publisher:||University of Pretoria|
|Journal||South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences|
|Affiliations||1 Complutense University of Madrid, Spain, 2 Complutense University of Madrid, Spain and 3 International Center for Competitiveness, Spain|
|Publication Date||Jan 2012|
|Pages||440 - 463|
|Keyword(s)||Africa, Cluster analysis, Innovation results, O31, O33, O38, Technological infrastructures, Technological innovation capability and Technological policy|
ISI Social Science
This paper performs an analysis of the technological innovation capability in 30 African countries. Based on the literature about national innovation capability and economy of technological change, an empirical study has been performed by using clusters' analysis technique and the technological innovation indicators published in the Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011 (WEF, 2010). The purpose is to explore the existence of groups of countries characterised by different technological innovation levels, deepening in their characteristics and the distance that separates them. The results show the existence of four groups of countries defined by different technological innovation capabilities in three factors, which are the Governmental and business technological effort, the Technological infrastructure and human capital (Available Base) and the Protection of intellectual property and innovation results.
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