n South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences - Economic inequality as a source of interpersonal violence : evidence from sub-Saharan Africa and South Africa
|Article Title||Economic inequality as a source of interpersonal violence : evidence from sub-Saharan Africa and South Africa|
|© Publisher:||University of Pretoria|
|Journal||South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences|
|Affiliations||1 Durban University of Technology and 2 University of KwaZulu-Natal|
|Publication Date||Jan 2015|
|Pages||45 - 57|
|Keyword(s)||Expenditure inequality, Income inequality, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa and Violence|
ISI Social Science
This article examines whether the close association of income inequality and violence identified for high income countries applies also to sub-Saharan Africa and, in particular, to South Africa. Cross sectional analysis across sub-Saharan countries provided no evidence of such an association. However, using homicide rates and several measures of inequality across South Africa's 52 districts does provide evidence of a significant positive relationship between homicide rates and expenditure inequality. A one per cent increase in inequality is associated with an increase in the homicide rate of 2.3 to 2.5 per cent. This relationship remains significant after controlling for other characteristics of the district.
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