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- Volume 6, Issue 1, 2003
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences - Volume 6, Issue 1, 2003
Volumes & issues
Volume 6, Issue 1, 2003
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 1 –24 (2003)More Less
The relationship between Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientations (Robinson, Stimpson, Huefner & Hunt, 1991) and different biographic/demographic, personality and work related variables were investigated. The sample consists of 375 professionals, 200 pharmacists and 175 accountants. The personality variables measured are Type A behaviour, Locus of Control Inventory, Career Orientations and Self-Concept. The work related variables are job satisfaction and job involvement. Some strong relationships were found between entrepreneurial attitudes and personality and work variables. Multiple Regression Analyses also identified strong predictors of the different entrepreneurial attitude dependent variables.
Author David DickinsonSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 25 –49 (2003)More Less
The vast majority of HIV and AIDS cases are located in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS constitutes a critical threat to the development of South Africa, yet the response to date has been slow and often confused. The research of 'Deco' is examined to outline how the company approached HIV / AIDS. Deco's policies encouraged voluntary testing and counselling, openness and disclosure. Different HIV / AIDS programme aspects that responded in a reactive and under-resourced way and lacking access to managerial structures, had the opposite results. The very real value of AIDS volunteers' contribution, is then described and evaluated. A new approach from both management and employees is needed in which a co-ordinated division of responsibility forms a key element in a workplace partnership to combat HIV / AIDS.
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 50 –71 (2003)More Less
Changes that impact on organisations require of managers to accept responsibility for their self-development to remain effective. The aim of this research was to evaluate a self-development programme for managers in a corporate pharmacy group. A two-group true experimental design with pre-, post, and post-post testing was used. A total of 35 managers were randomly divided into an experimental (n = 18) and control group (n = 17). The following measuring instruments were used for the evaluation of the programme: The Personal Orientation Inventory, the Generalised Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale, the COPE-Questionnaire and a knowledge test. The results showed that participants showed higher Synergy and Feeling reflection and greater self-efficacy following the self-development programme.
Author Ntiedo John UmorenSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 72 –88 (2003)More Less
This study analysed the role of trust in informal lending decision-making process. By applying verbal protocol analysis, this paper empirically examined the role of trust and cooperation in lender's initial reaction to potential lending opportunities, and the lender's assessment of the intermediary responsible for providing the initial referral of the lending opportunity. The results corroborate earlier findings, and provide sufficient evidence to confirm that about 93 per cent of lending opportunities presented to informal lenders are rejected. It also shows that considerable reliance is placed on the brokers presenting the opportunities. The result also indicates that the dearth of entrepreneurial development in Nigeria is tied implicitly to the instant trust and instant cooperation paradigm.
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 89 –98 (2003)More Less
The Adverse Impact model was developed by the judicial system of the United States of America and the United Kingdom as a practical method to make legal judgements to determine whether designated groups are being unfairly discriminated against at any stage of an assessment process. The model has been used to assess various recruitment and selection instruments and measures. This study has been groundbreaking in that the application of the Adverse Impact model within the South African employment scenario is relatively new. An exploratory research design was used to analyse Adverse Impact at each stage of a recruitment and selection strategy. The model was applied to assess whether the instruments used, had an adverse impact on any of the designated groups.
Author J.G. KotzeSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 99 –117 (2003)More Less
The dawn of the 21st century has given rise to a new competitive paradigm; brought about by globalisation, information technology and biotechnology developments and the work force revolution. This article identifies the shortcomings of traditional approaches to strategy formulation as measured against the demands of this evolving paradigm. The development of high potential strategic positions, the building and refining of distinctive competencies, the strengthening of strategic fit relationships, the maintenance of balance between the requirements of old and new business and the establishment and maintenance of a strategic thinking and learning culture are building blocks of strategic supremacy in the hypercompetitive 21st century.
Author Zein KebonangSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 118 –125 (2003)More Less
This paper examines the impact of Value Added Tax on the provision of private health care in Botswana and argues that government cannot succeed in the discharge of its social obligations unless the private sector is also taken on board. The introduction of Value Added Taxation has led to an over-whelming demand for and constraint on government health facilities and a decline in the number of patients seeking private health care service. The government's success in providing health facilities must be complimented by private sector participation and this can be achieved by providing certain incentives such as zero rating and exempting the provision of certain health care services.
A new approach to managing community participation and stakeholder negotiation in South African local governmentAuthor Enslin J. Van RooyenSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 126 –142 (2003)More Less
Community participation currently forms an important element of the South African government's policy on integrated development planning in local government. Community participation and stakeholder negotiation involve a process of comprehensive engagement, as divergent opinions, needs and expectations normally exist. It is therefore important to correctly identify legitimate stakeholders, to know the different types of partnerships that form stakeholder units within municipalities, and where final decision-making responsibility and accountability are located in local government affairs. This paper reflects on the need for a culture of community participation and most importantly, stakeholder negotiation to be established and institutionalized to the extent that it will be viewed not as an event but rather a continuous process in local government. This approach defines a new era for public management in South African local government.
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 143 –158 (2003)More Less
Retail clothing stores continually have to adapt to marketplace demands to remain competitive. Customer retention has become a major objective for many clothing retailers. This study combines the management of a number of the controllable personal and non-personal elements that a customer are exposed to and interacts within a retail store, as part of the shopping experience. The data analysis procedures closely followed the guidelines for scale development suggested by Churchill (1979). The empirical results suggest that there are five dimensions considered important by consumers when assessing their satisfaction with a total retail experience in a clothing store. These are: merchandise value, internal store environment, personal interaction with staff, merchandise variety and complaint handling.
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 159 –177 (2003)More Less
Branding is a key strategic tool used to create awareness, reputation and build the organisation's image. Marketers consider brands as carriers of values, and the development and implementation of branding strategies and programmes have lately expanded to include more than the traditional corporate, product and service domains of branding. In this article we set out to define and briefly discuss the nature of branding and indicate how brands are used to define the product to the customer. One of the major challenges facing South African business and marketing executives in the new millennium is to create world-class brands that will put South African brands on the national and international map.
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 178 –196 (2003)More Less
This paper assesses the impact of economic globalisation on the South African auto industry. First, a duopoly model of differentiated products is used, which allows the determination of the free trade and protection dividing line. This determines the stay-exit function, which shows the profitability level of the domestic industry. Second, to determine the relationship between employment, profitability and export in the auto industry, a log-linear equation is estimated in which the logarithm of employment is expressed as a function of the logarithm of the distance between the stay-exit function and the trade line and the logarithm of export. These estimates suggest that policy makers take measures to either prevent the destruction of the domestic industry and the decrease in employment in the auto industry, or increase its profitability and employment.
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 6, pp 197 –217 (2003)More Less
Eritrea obtained independence in 1992, after a century of foreign rule and war. The agricultural sector has been unable to produce enough food for Eritrea and the situation deteriorated substantially during the war with Ethiopia. It has considerable potential for agricultural, including horticultural, production. Eritrea should therefore develop an export base built on agriculture. The rural economy should be transformed from a subsistence to a commercial economy. Agricultural policy could partially achieve this goal by developing incentives, including (nito alis) changes in land tenure systems, improvement of transport, storage and communications infrastructure, marketing services, and also extension and human capital development. Trade policy should focus on gaining access to foreign markets. The government should not attempt to take over entrepreneurial functions, instead it should focus on empowering this sector.