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- Volume 9, Issue 4, 2006
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences - Volume 9, Issue 4, 2006
Volumes & issues
Volume 9, Issue 4, 2006
A customer-centric approach towards evaluating singlechoice information technology service provision to the parastatal sector of South Africa : managementSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 401 –412 (2006)More Less
The article presents a case study whereby the service performance of a single-choice information technology service provider in the parastatal industry of South Africa is measured against multichoice private service providers without any provisional agreements. The outcome of the case study reveals that single-choice service provision options with provisional agreements have a limited chance of success if they are not supported by strong service user inputs. In fact, provisional strategies that disallow sound competition among service providers are bound to impact negatively on user preferences as well as information technology skills development opportunities that are required to improve service provision generally, and long-term survival in particular.
The views of HR practitioners on ethical issues within organisations : a South African perspective : managementSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 413 –428 (2006)More Less
This article reports on the results of a survey conducted among human resource practitioners in South Africa regarding their involvement in and experience of business ethics and unethical behaviour in their organisations. The results of the study concur with the theoretical perception that human resource managers have an important role to play in the institutionalisation of good ethical behaviour in the organisation, with the majority of respondents reporting that the human resource department is a primary resource for ethical initiatives and that human resource professionals are involved in the formulation of ethics policies. The article provides some insights in terms of the role of the human resource managers in the management of ethics. In so doing, an attempt is made to address the question of whether human resource managers should be the drivers of ethics initiatives in the organisation.
Job characteristics and coping strategies associated with negative and positive work-home interference in a nursing environment : managementSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 429 –443 (2006)More Less
The aim of this study is to determine which job characteristics and coping strategies predict negative and positive work-home interference (WHI) in the nursing environment. Random samples (n=300) were taken of registered nurses in the Johannesburg, Klerksdorp, Krugersdorp, Potchefstroom and Pretoria regions. A self-constructed questionnaire was used to measure job characteristics. The Coping Strategy Indicator (CSI) was used to measure coping strategies, and the Survey Work-Home Interaction-Nijmegen (SWING) to measure WHI. The results show that time demands, pressure, role clarity and colleague support are the main job characteristics that predict negative WHI. Problem-solving coping predicts less negative WHI and avoidance coping predicts more negative WHI. Time demands, autonomy and role clarity are the main variables that predict positive WHI. Problem-solving coping is the only coping strategy that predicts positive WHI.
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 444 –457 (2006)More Less
The development potential of tourism is widely recognised, and its promotion has been embraced by many developing countries. While many African countries are among these, in most, tourism's potential remains underexploited. Africa's share of the global market remains low despite the region's advantages. Interlinked reasons for this commonly include poor service standards and a shortage of suitably skilled labour in the sector. Because human interaction forms a crucial component of any destination's tourism product, a country can enhance the economic contribution of tourism through the development of the people employed (or employable) in the industry, i.e. human resource development (HRD). This study uses concepts from management studies and economics to explore the links between tourism, economic development, and HRD, and highlights the role that tourism HRD can play in tourism-led development in an African context.
The employment history of day labourers in South Africa and the income they earn - a case study of day labourers in Pretoria : economicsSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 458 –471 (2006)More Less
Formal sector unemployment forces many workers to venture into the informal sector. The activities of day labourers are no exception. The aim of this paper is to address the lack of research on informal labour markets by focusing on the day labourers in Pretoria as a case study and to investigate the employment history of and income earned by day labourers in Pretoria. <br>Day labourers involved in this study were mainly male, young, low skilled, earning low and uncertain levels of income and working under harsh conditions. A significant portion of day labourers in Pretoria previously held formal sector occupations. Long spells of unemployment can make it difficult for day labourers to return to the formal sector. Many activities in the informal sector can never provide a permanent solution to unemployment.
Capability building and business development practices in the public research and development organisations in Nigeria : economicsSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 472 –477 (2006)More Less
The utilisation of organisations technological capability contributes generally to national economic development, while its lack prevents such development, and the identification of attractive business opportunities. This study examines current management practices in capability building and business development processes in public R&D organisations in Nigeria using a questionnaire technique. The questionnaire was administered to 144 respondents in 18 public R&D organisations in the country. Some management practices rate poorly when compared with those of similar organisations in developed countries. Research facilities, buildings and other infrastructure are also found to be at various levels of disrepair. Better management practices and an effective system of funding for R&D organisations from excess crude oil proceeds are recommended for increased organisational productivity.
An econometric analysis of the impact of democratisation on domestic savings and investment in Nigeria : economicsAuthor Godson DinneyaSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 478 –497 (2006)More Less
This study employs four-dimensional and one composite indices of democratisation constructed to capture the democratisation processes in Nigeria's transition polity, to investigate the empirical relationships between the levels of democratisation in Nigeria and two economic growth variables - domestic savings and domestic investment. As would be expected, the findings do not settle the debate in any direction. However, they could shed some light on the differences between the dimensional and the overall effects of democratisation on economic variables. The results of the analyses show that the short-run responses of growth variables to changes in democratisation may differ from their long-run responses.
Smallholder farmers' perceptions of factors that constrain the competitiveness of a formal organic crop supply chain in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa : economicsSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 498 –520 (2006)More Less
The 48 organic-certified members of the Ezemvelo Farmers' Organisation in KwaZulu-Natal were surveyed during October-November 2004 to assess what factors they perceive constrain the competitiveness of a formal supply chain that markets their <i>amadumbe, </i> potatoes and sweet potatoes. They identified uncertain climate, tractor not available when needed, delays in payments for crops sent to the pack-house, lack of cash and credit to finance inputs, and more work than the family can handle as the current top five constraints. Principal Component Analysis further identified three valid institutional dimensions of perceived constraints and two valid farm-level dimensions. Potential solutions to better manage these constraints are discussed, including the need for the farmers to renegotiate the terms of their incomplete business contract with the packhouse agent.
Source: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 521 –536 (2006)More Less
In this study the perceptions of small-scale commercial farmers in Eritrea of the importance of various risk responses are ascertained and analysed to gain insight into their risk-management strategies. Data were elicited through a survey of 186 small-scale commercial farmers conducted in three zobatat (regions) of Eritrea. Factor Analysis is used to investigate heterogeneity in sample farmers' responses. Results indicate that relatively more important risk responses include the use of internal and external sources of information, on-farm and off-farm diversification, choice of production system and product marketing arrangements. Farmers' perceptions of risk responses vary according to farm type, geographical location, farm and farmer characteristics, as well as the existence of enterprise specific risk responses (e.g. livestock insurance) and differences in the marketing regulations of various agricultural products.
Redistributing environmental tax revenue to reduce poverty in South Africa : the cases of energy and water : economicsSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 537 –552 (2006)More Less
South Africa, as an upper middle-income, resource-intensive developing country with an open economy, has to find innovative ways to combat poverty, promote economic growth and reduce the intensity of resource use, simultaneously. One option is to explore the plausibility of achieving a double dividend by levying a tax on water and energy and recycling the revenue back to the economy by allowing for a reduction in other forms of taxation. According to the double dividend theory it is possible, under some conditions, to achieve both environmental and economic objectives. We investigated such a possibility in the South African economy using an integrated economy/environment CGE model and found that it is indeed possible to achieve such double dividend benefits. Given the prevailing economic and environmental contexts, government should actively search for ways to achieve such dividends.
Author James BlignautSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9 (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... SAJEMS NS 9 (2006) No 4 553 VIEWPOINTS, PERSPECTIVES OR LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Introduction to section In line with international trends, the SAJEMS editorial board decided to introduce a section in the journal called: Viewpoints, perspectives or letters to the editor. We solicit submissions to this section that comprise novel concepts, ideas, or even a dialogue with either the editor or an author of an earlier paper either in SAJEMS or elsewhere. Controversial perspectives are even welcome, as long as they are presented in a constructive manner. Submissions to this section are likely to be shorter than a conventional ..
Mentorship alliance between South African farmers : implications for sustainable agriculture sector reform : viewpointSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 554 –566 (2006)More Less
The South African government provides access to agricultural land for people not adequately represented in the agricultural sector. However, the government lacks sufficient funds and institutional infrastructure to provide post-settlement support to the settled developing farmers. A farmer-to-farmer mentorship programme between established and developing farm types has been identified as an institutional arrangement that could complement the government's efforts. However, at this stage government and other role-players lack frameworks for this type of mentorship programme.This study conceptualises a complementary mentorship alliance that is loosely structured, without the complicated legal and contractual processes involved in corporate business alliances. This alliance will hopefully lead to highly committed joint ventures in the industry in the near future. The study also provides frameworks within which the role-players could contribute to the success of mentorship programme.
Author Martin BreitenbachSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 567 –569 (2006)More Less
In this timely book Richard Peet and his team lay the foundation with an excellent analysis of the process of globalisation and the resultant emergence of the global economy. The authors are especially critical of the increasing influence of institutions like the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and World Trade Organisation (WTO) on the economy and the consequences experienced by peoples, cultures and the environment. The single ideology of neo-liberalism is blamed for the undesirable outcomes. This book considers concepts of power, political interest, hegemony, discourse, responsibility and the power of practicality in critically examining the IMF, World Bank and WTO. The conclusion is reached that "all three institutions play roles greatly different from those originally agreed to under the charters that set them up".
Author J. Van der ElstSource: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 9, pp 570 –571 (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... 570 SAJEMS NS 9 (2006) No 4 SUID-AFRIKAANSE AKADEMIE VIR WETENSKAP EN KUNS Engelenburghuis Ziervogelstraat 574, Arcadia, Pretoria Privaat sak X11, Arcadia 0007 Tel. (012) 328-5082 Faks (012) 328-5091 E-pos: firstname.lastname@example.org Webwerf: www.akademie.co.za 2/2/3/5 4 September 2006 CHRISTO WIESE MEDAL AND FRANS DU TOIT MEDAL 2007 1. Nominations are being awaited for a suitable recipient of the Christo Wiese 9 ct gold medal for a promising and emergent entrepreneur. The medal bears the name of its sponsor, the well known businessman, Dr. Christo Wiese, and is awarded annually. The medal is awarded to any South African businessman or -woman who ..