n Journal of African Elections - Continuity or reform in Zimbabwean politics? An overview of the 2013 referendum : briefing

Volume 12, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1609-4700



In the first post-independence constitutional referendum, held in February 2000, fewer than half the country's registered voters participated. The outcome of that referendum was that about 54% of voters voted against the draft constitution while 45% voted for it. The referendum proved to be a major watershed in Zimbabwean politics, partly because it signalled a decade-long slide into authoritarianism. It would take more than another decade for political parties to negotiate a fresh draft.

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