n Journal of African Elections - Compendium of Elections in Southern Africa, 1989-2009, D. Kadima and S. Booysen (Eds.) : book review

Volume 9, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1609-4700



Under the codes of conduct agreed by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) certain political norms and standards should be observed and the following principles must lie at the heart of any electoral system : broad representation of diverse political interests and population groups, inclusiveness and the political participation of key actors, political accountability of parliamentarians to the voters, and a transparent and legitimate election process and outcome. Any analysis of elections in Africa in recent years must be placed within the wider debate about democracy and its application. Yet, prior to 2003 there were few 'codified sets of agreed-upon election principles' (p 4).

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