n African Entomology - The first records of the genus Simognathus (Acari : Halacaridae) from southern Africa, with a species description : short communication
|Article Title||The first records of the genus Simognathus (Acari : Halacaridae) from southern Africa, with a species description : short communication|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Publication Date||Sep 2002|
|Pages||354 - 356|
Mites of the family Halacaridae (Acari: Prostigmata) are primarily marine and include species that occur offshore to the ocean depths. Around 40 of the 1000 known halacarid species are ascribed to the genera Simognathus Trouessart and Acaromantis Trouessart & Neumann, constituting the subfamily Simognathinae (Otto 2000). The Simognathinae are characterized by a gnathosoma with dorsally inserted, 2-3 article palpi, and the first pair of legs transformed into pincers. The subfamily has been recorded worldwide, being more diverse in tropical waters, but no records are known from southern Africa. One new species from Park Rynie and Port Edward (KwaZulu-Natal) is described below, and the presence of S. glareus Bartsch is reported from the Western Cape.
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