n African Entomology - A note on mapping propolis deposits in Cape honey bee () colonies : short communication

Volume 11, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1021-3589



Propolis is a mixture of plant-derived substances, and sometimes wax, collected by most subspecies for use as caulking and entrance-reducing material and as a colony sealant and sterilant (Ruttner 1988; Schmidt & Buchmann 1992; Hepburn & Radloff 1998). Additionally, it is used in honey bee defense against colony invaders, particularly Murray (small hive beetles) (Hepburn & Radloff 1998; Neumann et al. 2001; Ellis 2002).

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