n African Entomology - Toxicity and repellent effects of crude aqueous extracts of garlic (Allium sativum) on larval and adult Anopheles mosquitoes : short communication
|Article Title||Toxicity and repellent effects of crude aqueous extracts of garlic (Allium sativum) on larval and adult Anopheles mosquitoes : short communication|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Author||A.A. Denloye, W.A. Makanjuola and O.O. Babalola|
|Publication Date||Sep 2003|
|Pages||287 - 290|
Malaria is one of the biggest contributors to disease burdens in terms of deaths and diseases and is the most important parasitic disease in the tropics. Malaria infects 300-500 million people worldwide and account for over one million deaths annually (WHO 1996), with children and pregnant women at greatest risk (TDR/WHO 1996). Malaria is the only disease, apart from AIDS, that has shown a significant increase in recent years. It is thus one of the most serious and widespread tropical diseases in the world today (Rose 2001). Notably, 90 % of malaria infections are in Africa, and at least one million African children die from the disease every year (Reeves 1994; Coetzee 1997 Egwunyega et al. 1998; Tanner & Vlassoff 1998; Teklehaimanot et al. 2001). In Nigeria, malaria is an obstacle to development because transmission rate is high as are infection and super-infection.
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